WESTERN BUREAU:Six matches are down to be contested on the opening weekend of the new season of the Trelawny FA Monymusk Plantation Major League, with the clash between Duanvale and League newcomers Fire FC grabbing the most attention today.Duanvale were in the running for the title last year, but faltered close to the end, which allowed Clarks Town to steal a march on them and lift the title. Clarks Town are now competing in the Western Confederation Super League.Fire FC are stepping up in class after lifting the Division One crown last season and will want a good start to life in the Major League.Duanvale, on the other hand, will feel they have the edge, especially since they will be playing on familiar turf at the Duanvale Sports Ground and will be keen on kicking off the season with a victory.In the other matchups today, Holland FC tackle Bunker Hill at Elleston Wakeland Centre, Spicy Hill host Kinloss at Georgia Sports Ground, and former champions, Harmony, meet Classic United at Bounty Hall Sports Ground. All matches will kick off at 3 p.m.Early favourites Baca Star United will bow into action tomorrow against an expectedly tough Daniel Town FC at the Elleston Wakeland Centre, while Coopers Pen host Rio Bueno in the day’s other fixture, also at 3 p.m.The 12-team league is broken down into two zones, with teams in each zone playing each other twice, after which, the top team on points in each zone will play for the mid-season trophy.The competition continues thereafter with the cross-zone matches. Teams in zone one will play those in zone two once, after which, the top four with the most points will contest the semi-finals.Today’s matchesn Holland Utd vs Bunker Hill SCat Elleston Wakeland Centren Duanvale FC vs Fire FC atDuanvale Sports Groundn Spicy Hill FC vs Kinloss FC atGeorgia Sports Groundn Harmony FC vs Classic Utd atBounty Hall Sports GroundTomorrow’s gamesn Baca Star Utd vs Daniel Town FC at Elleston Wakeland Centren Coopers Pen vs Rio Bueno at Coopers Pen Sports Ground
Sen. Sando Johnson, Pres. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Lahai LansanahBomi County Senator Sando Johnson has condemned President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s decision to appoint the county’s former Senator, Lahai Lansanah, as coordinator on Disputes and Concession Affairs. Senator Johnson says as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Concessions, he does not recognize Lansanah’s appointment, describing it as illegal “and a mere political accommodation of a kinsman by the President.”President Sirleaf on July 6, 2016, appointed former Senator Lansanah as coordinator on Disputes and Concession Affairs.However, Sen. Johnson also said that even his committee will not recognize Lansanah and that he would oppose Lansanah’s confirmation if such an appointment requires the Senate’s consent through confirmation.“That appointment does not have a statutory mandate; no constitutional backing. It is not relevant, and we will not deal with them. My committee does not recognize it,” he said.Meanwhile, the Daily Observer has reliably gathered that such an appointment by the President to perform a special function does not require confirmation by the Senate in line with the Constitution of Liberia.In an interview with reporters at the Capitol, Sen. Johnson said Lansanah’s appointment is a “usurpation of the functions of institutions such as the National Bureau of Concessions, the National Investment Commission, legislative committees on concession and other relevant government functionaries with statutory mandate to handle such issues.”Sen. Johnson insists that the position of concession coordinator does not exist by law; and as such, he would not work with Lahai Lansanah.“That appointment is political accommodation, because it is not by law; unless they can bring that law. It is not a committee that we will deal with because it is not statutory,” Johnson said.“You have the Minister of Internal Affairs, National Bureau of Concessions, National Investment Commission, legislative arms that are responsible to do oversight on those institutions. He is a unity partisan and the president is a member, so it is a political accommodation.”Lansanah served as Senator of Bomi County from 2005 until 2014, when he was defeated by Morris Saytumah during the special senatorial election. While in the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on Rules, Order and Administration, the same position that Sen. Johnson currently occupies.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Hero CPL 2018…The St Kitts & Nevis Patriots bowled off their training session on Tuesday afternoon ahead of Thursday evening’s opener versus the Guyana Amazon Warriors at the Providence National Stadium, Guyana.The visitors arrived on Monday as they looked to get their campaign underway against the Warriors. The home team commenced their training last weekend as they too will have their sights set on winning all of their opening gamAnton Devcich (front) and Tom Cooper going through their paces during Tuesday’s sessiones at home.Patriots Captain Chris Gayle and his men utilised the nets at Providence during Tuesday afternoon’s session. The Warriors meanwhile had a successful practice game on Monday and were gearing up for their final practice game under lights versus a Guyana XI which starts at 18:00h tonight.The Patriots engaged in a number of exercises, including sprints andcardiovascular regimes, along with the usual football warm-up among teammates. Coaches Donovan Miller and Trevor Penney were a part of the training. Some of the franchise’s top stars such as Windies T20 skipper Carlos Brathwaite, overseas players Kiwi Anton Devcich, Australian Ben Cutting and Nepalese spinner Sandeep Lamichhane and others Caribbean stars like Windies left-arm pacer Sheldon Cottrell and Devon Thomas were present at the session.Both sides will want to register a win up front with Guyana being a bit moreCoaches Donovan Miller and Trevor Penneydesperate than their opponents as they will play three opening games at home. With the home team commencing their camp days ahead, the Patriots will have to catch up on their acclimatisation and gel quickly ahead of the first game.Meanwhile, both teams will have just one day left to get themselves further fine-tuned until official match day of the 2018 Hero Caribbean Premier League (CPL), which bowls off at 18:00h on Thursday evening at Providence.
0Shares0000Harambee Stars forward Michael Olunga during Kenya’s friendly match against Madagascar in Paris on June 7, 2019. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluPARIS, France, Jun 12 – Japan-based Harambee Stars forward Michael Olunga has challenged players, both current and upcoming to invest heavily in education especially in view of life after their active football years.Olunga, an A- finisher from the Upper Hill High School and an Engineering student believes that the best way players can equip themselves to survive freely when football is no longer their only source of livelihood is by ensuring they get education. “I believe it is all about mentality. You train for two hours, but what do you do with the rest of the day. You can take online courses, go to campus… it’s not a must you go to school for eight hours a day. Everyone is usually tired after training, but you can always make that small sacrifice,” Olunga says, Speaking to Capital Sport in Marcoussis, Paris, where the team is currently putting up a training camp ahead of the African Cup of Nations.He adds; “There is always life after football and that is what motivated me to work hard in school because one day, your career will be over and you need to have knowledge of something extra apart from football,”Harambee Stars forward Michael Olunga juggles the ball during a training session at the National Rugby Centre in Marcoussis, Paris on June 9, 2019. PHOTO/Timothy Olobulu“Sometimes, if you don’t make it in the top level it is challenging because the income we get from our Kenyan clubs not so big that you can do something sustainable to you for the rest of your life. You can do just a small course but at the end of your career it will help you big,”“I encourage more footballers, if you get an opportunity to study even if it’s two hours a day take it. This is what will help you in future. Maybe at this point as a top footballer you don’t see its need but football is a short career. There is a future tomorrow,” further added Olunga, christened ‘The engineer’.The 24-year old finished his High School education in 2013 attaiing a high mean grade of A- before enrolling at the Technical University of Kenya where he took up an engineering course.He continued a bit when he moved to Sweden playing for Djugardens but in between career changes that took him to China, Spain and finally Japan, he put his course on hold but plans to continue once he settles down in Japan.The star striker is in his first full season with Reysol having joined them midway through last season where they were unfortunately relegated from the J-League and now play in the second tier.Harambee Stars forward Michael Olunga celebrating with Kashiwa Reysol fans after a win in a previous gameOlunga has been an instant hit in Japan and he says he is enjoying his stay there, with the fans already head over heels in love with him even composing songs in his praise.One song that has been of particular impact is ‘Jambo Mika’, a rendition of the famous song ‘Jambo Bwana’, originally released by legendary band ‘Them Mushrooms’ in 1982.“When they sing you have to work hard and that’s motivation to have like 20,000 people supporting you and singing for you. They have left their work, they have left their homes just to be there and support you. You are obligated to do your best and that’s a motivation for me,”“I want my song to be sang at every game and for that to happen, I have to score goals. If I don’t score, they don’t sing. Play Kenyan music!” Olunga further jokes.“When I came in, I wasn’t scoring and the fans were not singing. It happened in Sweden as well and China. But when you start performing, they start appreciating you like it has happened now. They go out there looking for songs themselves. I didn’t tell them about Jambo Mika, I just heard them singing. So I have to score and give them a headache to look for more songs,” the lanky forward noted.He adds; “It feels great always when you go to a foreign country and the fans appreciate what you do and give you motivation as a player. This just goes to show that there is a lot of talent in Kenya and we can go out there and show the world what we can do.”Harambee Stars forward Michael Olunga progresses forward during a friendly match against Madagascar in Paris on June 7, 2019. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluOlunga has been brilliant on and off the pitch and is expected to lead the line for Stars at the Cup of Nations which kicks off in June 21 in Cairo. Kenya is pooled wit Algeria, Senegal and Tanzania and will kick off their campaign against the North Africans on June 23.He believes that Kenya has what it takes to achieve its target of getting to the knockout phases of the competition in a group that has neighbors Tanzania as well as Algeria and tournament favorites Senegal.“It was my dream to play at AFCON. The last time Kenya was at this tournament I was nine years old and at then, I didn’t even have dreams of being a professional footballer. It feels really great to be part of this historic team that has taken Kenya back to the AFCON after 15 years. It does not end here, we have to give our level best,”“We are playing against the best countries in the continent and facing some of the biggest players. We will be interacting with the likes of Salah (Mohammed) and Mane (Sadio) who have won the Champions League and it’s a good experience,”“None of us in the team has played in the Cup of Nations but I believe with unity and solidarity as a team we will achieve higher. It is this same unity that helped us qualify and we should maintain it heading to Cairo. Everyone is focused and we are ready to give our best,” Olunga affirmed.0Shares0000(Visited 4 times, 1 visits today)
BURBANK – Carrying red and black signs reading, “Writers Guild of America On Strike,” and chanting, “On strike, shut it down. Hollywood’s a union town,” hundreds picketed outside studios in and around Los Angeles and New York this morning on the first day of the strike. In Burbank, under overcast skies, scores of picketers geared up for what could be days or weeks of a strike. They hauled coolers filled with food and water and staged at Johnny Carson Park in Burbank, before heading out to walk in processions in front of every entrance and exit of all the major studios in Burbank – Disney, Warner Bros., and NBC. Amid the gaggle of news vans, TV crews and reporters, Jay Leno even rode up on his Harley to pass out Krispy Kreme Doughnuts. “The mood among us is good,” said Peter Sears, a writer for “The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.” “The union is united. The public can sense that we’re all together. It’s for a very just cause.” “I was here for the ’88 strike and I’ve never seen our union more together,” he said. At Sony Pictures in Culver City, Steve Skrovan, a writer for the sitcom, “Til Death,” said that he didn’t expect there to be much sympathy for writers, who he acknowledged do make good livings, with some earning triple digits, but he said he and others were fighting for future generations of writers. “They can make it because others have fought,” said the 50-year-old from La Crescenta. He said he has money saved up and was was prepared to picket for several months. Writers Guild of America members began picketing at 15 large studios from Burbank to Manhattan Beach at 9 today. Writers will reportedly be walking four-hour shifts beginning either at 9 a.m. or 1 p.m. Guild officials have set up a network of strike captains to coordinate picket line activities. It was the first strike by Hollywood writers in nearly 20 years, with noisy pickets on both coasts. The walkout threatens to disrupt everything from late-night talk shows to soap operas. The strike apparently so far has forced the Leno, David Letterman shows into reruns. At the CBS lot in Studio City, about 40 people hoisted signs and applauded when midmorning picketing began. Robert Port, a writer for the TV show “Numb3rs,” said he was as ready as possible for what could be a long walkout. “We live in Los Angeles, your bank account can never really for ready for this,” he said. Only about half of the picketers wore their official red strike T-shirts. “Writers aren’t the easiest cats to coral,” said Don McGill, another writer for “Numb3rs.” Across town at the Paramount Pictures lot on Melrose Avenue, about 50 strikers dressed in jeans, athletic shoes and red strike T-shirts carried signs reading, “Writers Guild of America on Strike.” Drivers honked their horns as they passed the studio’s landmark gate. The strike began after daylong talks Sunday failed to produce an agreement on payment to writers from shows offered on he Internet. The first noisy strikers appeared outside the “Today” show set at Rockefeller Center in New York, where NBC is headquartered. The “Today Show” is not directly affected by the strike because news writers are part of a different union. A giant, inflated rat was displayed, as about 40 people shouted, “No contract, no shows!” “They claim that the new media is still too new to structure a model for compensation,” said Jose Arroyo, a writer for “Late Night with Conan O’Brien.” “We say give us a percentage so if they make money, we make money,” Arroyo said. Diana Son, a writer for “Law & Order: Criminal Intent,” said she has three children and getting residuals was the only way she could take time off after giving birth. “It’s an extremely volatile industry,” said Son. “There’s no job security. Residuals are an important part of our income. There’s no cushion.” Millie Kapzen of Memphis, Tenn., who watched the New York pickets from across the street, said she was “disgusted. … I really think they should try harder to negotiate.” Kapzen said she sells advertising for radio stations. “We’ve already had cancellations of sweeps weeks ads” by the networks. The strike is the first walkout by writers since 1988. That work stoppage lasted 22 weeks and cost the industry more than $500 million. The first casualties this time around will be late-night talk shows, which are dependent on current events to fuel monologues and other entertainment. “The Tonight Show” on NBC will immediately go into reruns, according to a network official who spoke on condition of anonymity because the person lacked authorization to comment publicly. KTLA-TV reported that fans of the “Ellen” talk show were told at the NBC lot in Burbank that there would be no taping on Monday. Comedy Central previously said “The Daily Show with Jon Stewart” and “The Colbert Report” would likely go into repeats as well. The strike will not immediately impact production of movies or prime-time TV programs. Most studios have stockpiled dozens of movie scripts, and TV shows have enough scripts or completed shows in hand to last until early next year. Talks began in July and continued after the contract expired Wednesday. Writers and producers gathered for last-minute negotiations Sunday at the request of a federal mediator. They met for nearly 11 hours before East Coast members of the writers union announced on their Web site that the strike had begun for their 4,000 members. The Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers said writers refused a request to “stop the clock” on the planned strike while talks continued. “It is unfortunate that they choose to take this irresponsible action,” the alliance said in a statement. Producers said writers were not willing to compromise on major issues. Writers said they withdrew a proposal to increase their share of revenue from the sale of DVDs that had been a stumbling block for producers. They also said proposals by producers in the area of Internet reuse of TV episodes and films were unacceptable. “The AMPTP made no response to any of the other proposals that the WGA has made since July,” writers said in a statement. In Los Angeles, writers planned to picket 14 studio locations in four-hour shifts from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. each day until a new deal is reached. Security was stepped up at the Bob Hope Drive gate, across from Johnny Carson Park, in Burbank. Guards were on duty and Burbank police squad cars cruised past the site. One key factor that could determine the damage caused by the strike is whether members of a powerful Hollywood Teamsters local honor the picket lines. Local 399, which represents truck drivers, casting directors and location managers, had told its members that as a union, it has a legal obligation to honor its contracts with producers. But the clause does not apply to individuals, who are protected by federal law from employer retribution if they decide to honor picket lines, the local said. The battle has broad implications for the way Hollywood does business, since whatever deal is struck by writers will likely be used as a template for talks with actors and directors, whose contracts expire next June. “We’ll get what they get,” Screen Actors Guild president Alan Rosenberg told The Associated Press. ————————————— Daily News Wire Services contributed to this report.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREStriving toward a more perfect me: Doug McIntyre Later, outside the parking lot at NBC, Jim Shaughnessy, 38, a writer on “The Tonight Show,” was non-commital about how the strike was going so far. “I think we’re doing a lot of good out here, but then again I don’t really know,” said the Westlake Village resident. “It’s hard to tell right now. It’s impossible to tell so far but we’ve gotten some good doughnuts,” he joked. “I dont think they’re studio doughnuts. This is all kicking in together to impress them with our walking in circles.” Outside the Disney lot, the creator and executive producer of “Lost,” Damon Lindeloff, 34, of Studio City, was among about 40 picketers at the Alameda Avenue gate. “I think we all feel very strongly about why we’re here and we’re digging in for the marathon, not the sprint,” he said. Screenwriter Larry Karaszewski, 45, of Hollywood, wore a corduroy jacket with a T-shirt bearing a newspaper headline reading, “Viacom’s profits were up 80%.”
This Thursday morning on Sportsday we looked back on the Republic of Ireland’s 1-0 win over Italy at Euro 2016 as they reached the last 16 where they will face France. We also discussed all of yesterday’s other action, including Iceland’s 2-1 win against Austria; they will be England’s opponents in the next round. We also looked ahead to today’s T20 Blast action as Middlesex take on Somerset which is live on talkSPORT2.All brought to you by Russ Hargreaves and the team
DONEGAL GAA Chairman Sean Dunnion has paid tribute to Ulster Council Secretary Danny Murphy, who has died.Mr Murphy stood down from his role earlier this year because of ill health but was to officially remain in post until February.Mr Murphy is a former member of the GAA Central Council and vice-president of the GAA. Mr Murphy served as vice-president and president of the Ulster Council before being appointed provincial secretary, a position he held for 16 years.“News of the passing of Dónall Ó Murchú, Runaí Comhairle Uladh came as somewhat of a shock this morning,” Mr Dunnion said.“Even though we knew of Danny’s failing health, his sudden passing was still very much unexpected.“Danny can certainly be classed as one of the greatest administrators ever of Cumann Lúthchleas Gael. “Some of his many roles include being a former Chairman of the Down County Committee, a selector with Down Senior Football in the early 1990’s, a former member of the Central Council, he also served as Vice-President and President of the Ulster Council before being appointed Provincial Secretary.“Danny oversaw many changes and developments during his time as Provincial Secretary.“He always had a clear vision for the 9 counties of Ulster and the leadership to go with that vision.“He had a tremendous knowledge of the Association and its rules and was always available to offer advice and guidance when it was needed.“He will be a tremendous loss to his family, friends, work colleagues at Ulster GAA and to the wider GAA community in Ireland and abroad. “He was a true gentleman and a friend to so many and he will be sorely missed.“Ar dheis Dé go raibh a ainm uasal.”A minute’s silence in honour of the late Mr Murphy was held prior to today’s Arthurs Cup final between St Columba’s, Stranorlar and Holy Cross, Strabane at Celtic Park.Donegal Chairman pays tribute to Ulster Council Secretary Danny Murphy was last modified: December 7th, 2016 by Chris McNultyShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
ATLANTIC DRIVE, ROSGUILLTODAY is set to see one of the best days of the summer, with clear blue skies and temperatures of 23C forecast.And contrary to claims elsewhere Met Eireann says Donegal is having a much better summer than southern counties – and it says so!There have been claims that poor forecasting has hit the number of tourists coming to Donegal this summer. But does anyone really come to Donegal for the sunshine?Well, with every single foreign holiday sold out from now until the end of the month, those of us still here might as well enjoy the sun while it lasts.And Sunday isn’t looking too bad either.Send us your pix throughout the weekend, so we can show off the county in all its glory. Send them to firstname.lastname@example.org SCORCHING DAY AHEAD! SEND US YOUR GREAT DONEGAL PIX was last modified: August 18th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegal weatherSCORCHING DAY AHEAD! SEND US YOUR GREAT DONEGAL PIXsunshine
8 March 2016South Africa has signed the host country agreement for the 17th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The conference will be held in South Africa from 24 September to 5 October 2016.Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa signed the agreement on 3 March with the secretary-general of CITES John Scanlon on the margins of an international conference on wildlife crime in The Hague, in the Netherlands. South Africa was one of the first signatories to CITES in 1975 and continues to play an active role in the enforcement of the Convention.The minister welcomes the world to South Africa for CITES CoP17:The signing coincided with the release of the official CITES CoP17 logo.The logo is an iconic image of the African white rhinoceros, according to the Department of Environmental Affairs. The rhino’s body comprises the outlines of a number of species of endangered plants and animals from the African continent, such as the pangolin, cycad, African aloe and African lion.The selection of the rhino as the dominant image reinforces South Africa’s status as home to the largest rhino populations in the world, it says. South Africa’s sterling rhino conservation track record has resulted in significant growth in rhino numbers: from approximately 50 in 1895 to approximately 18 000 today.“The choice of a rhino as the dominant image in the logo for CoP17 is also to draw attention to the challenges South Africa and other African range states face as a result of poaching,” said the minister.Frontline challengesScanlon described South Africa as a highly appropriate location for the conference, given the frontline wildlife challenges and opportunities being tackled on the continent.“Africa is home to a vast array of CITES-listed species and South Africa is globally recognised for ‘the Big Five’. CITES Parties and observers look forward to convening in South Africa for the World Wildlife Conference,” said Scanlon.At the conference, parties will collectively evaluate the progress made since 2013, and take decisions on what additional measures are needed to end illicit wildlife trafficking.They will also consider a number of proposals to bring additional species under CITES trade controls, as well as tackle issues concerning livelihoods and the review of significant trade, traceability, and the effectiveness of CITES implementation, among other things.The illicit trade in wildlife and rhino poaching will feature on the agenda of CoP17. The CITES CoP17 creates an avenue to communicate and raise awareness of the importance of species and wildlife conservation and the need to address the illegal trade in species, all the while supporting legal trade underpinned by sound sustainable utilization principles, says the department.South Africa’s biodiversityThe “magnificent logo is furthermore testament to the rich tapestry of biodiversity for which our country is known globally”, Molewa added.Isn’t this logo just too beautiful? As we look forward to the big days in Sept, the month of the Rhino. pic.twitter.com/huIC8zCYtH— Environmentza (@environmentza) March 5, 2016South Africa is the third most biodiverse country in the world after Brazil and Indonesia. Despite occupying only 2% of the world’s land surface, South Africa is home to nearly 10% of the planet’s plant species and 7% of the world’s reptile, bird and mammal species.Unpacking the logo, her department explains that the incorporation of human silhouettes emphasizes the crucial role people play in species conservation. Its colours draw inspiration from the diverse hues of the African seasons. The rhino’s heart, in the shape of the African continent, symbolises the idea that the African continent is the wellspring of life.“The [CITES] CoP17 logo released today reminds all of us of the interconnectivity between different species, and of the fragile, complex relationships between humankind and our stewardship of our natural resources. South Africa looks forward to hosting this important gathering, where we will chart the course for a new era in species conservation,” Molewa said.Source: Department of Environmental Affairs
By Nathaniel Powers and Justin Moorepixabay [child-1311854_1280 by smengelsrud, April 12, 2016]Back in 2003, I knew a certain mother of two. She was a friend of my roommate, and she would come over on weekends for drinks and such. Initially, I thought nothing of her visits. She was college educated, worked part-time, and I’d usually see her with her children at the grocery when she wasn’t at our place. Over time, however, something began to dig at me. She came over more frequently, and stayed longer, to the point where she was with us at least once a week and would stay the night. I didn’t ask at first, but found out eventually that her ten-year-old was at home taking care of her six-year-old. As a single parent, her courtship was removing her from her children in a way that our western mindset and laws does not abide by. Here was a seemingly responsible woman ‘abandoning’ her children to fulfill her need for connection. While the rhetoric of neglect was not established in my mind at the time, I knew she lived in a risky neighborhood. I knew, also, that there were no caretakers at home with her kids. I had a multitude of questions about her decisions that went unanswered: Were her children feeding themselves? Did they have any fire safety knowledge? Were they using the stove? Were they playing outside after dark? She eventually realized the danger she was putting herself in, and that the ramifications of staying out overnight with no guardians could land her in some deep water. She stopped staying over at night, and eventually stopped coming over much at all. My roommate had something to do with this, I’m sure.In the end, all was well. She was never violent with her kids to my knowledge, and openly doted on them in public. Of course, the risk of accidents or worse things due to neglect was surely there, and fortunately, to my knowledge, no long term damage was done, perhaps because, to my knowledge there was no substance abuse issues. This may be considered only a minor incident, but a clear real life example of what our culture may define as neglect nonetheless. Unlike my friend and her situation, other families may not realize the wrongs they are committing, or perhaps, if they do realize, lack the awareness or desire it takes to change. Research demonstrates that child neglect and parental substance abuse go hand in hand . The following will be an exploration of this relationship.Merriam-Webster Online describes neglect as “failing to take care of or to give attention to someone or something” . In my friend’s case, her children were the victims of their mother’s absence. One may consider them fortunate that seemingly no ill effects became of her absence; however, some cycles of neglect can never be rectified and may result in far more dire outcomes. What makes issues of parental substance abuse and neglect so important to service professionals is not only the prevalence of such occasions, but the variability of these occasions. Families are living entities, and each has nuances that differ from the next. Having a solid hold on how to approach each one individually is essential to addressing the core issues of neglect and parental substance abuse. In addition to substance abuse, the greatest parental contributors to childhood neglect are teen parenting and personal features . ‘Personal features’ here refers to issues that parents may be individually having difficulty coping with, such as depression, disability, overworking, or other conditions that translate into neglect in the home. Other causes of neglect are ‘child factors’, ‘family factors’, and ‘community and environmental factors’ . Child factors are childhood disabilities that require extended care. Family factors may include such things as single-parent households (as in the case of my acquaintance) or violent relationships between parents. Community/Environmental factors may include neighborhoods that are simply bad for anyone, or conditions of abject poverty, in which maintaining self-care and subsequent family-care are made exponentially more difficult due to low wages and poor resources.A certain Princeton study, detailed that “children who have been abused and neglected are more likely to perform poorly in school and to commit crimes against other persons . These abused/neglected children more often experience emotional problems, depression, suicidal thoughts, sexual problems, and alcohol/substance abuse” . This is to say that abuse and neglect, which can be a direct result of parental substance abuse as will be discussed later, may affect the child or children on many levels. English found that “between 50% and 80% of families involved with child protective services are dealing with a substance-abuse problem . When we combine the above factors in a poverty setting, “unrealistic expectations, depression, isolation, substance abuse, and domestic violence … increase the likelihood of maltreatment” . What We’ve LearnedThe overall landscape of childhood abuse and neglect in regards to parental/caregiver substance abuse goes deeper than a parent who simply has a problem of using. Cultural, economic, and environmental factors all contribute to the issue at hand. Alcohol and substance use alone does not beget violence in the home, but it can accentuate stressful situations and reduce inhibitions that may otherwise be employed in the prevention of physical or emotional violence and/or abuse. To view the incidence of childhood trauma as solely generated from a drug or alcohol is dangerously myopic. Treating such issues cannot be done by way of any one-shot regimented treatment, but should be done on a case-by-case basis. We feel it important to note that, “Family and friends influence the decisions of persons with substance abuse problems to get help, complete treatment, and maintain sobriety” , therefore it would be beneficial for service professionals to pay close attention to a drug abusing individual’s social support system. We have to remember as well that the great majority of parents with problems do want to be good parents to their children. Focusing on the parent’s social support system by the service professional may go a long way in changing the way the parent deals with stressful situations, and possibly rids ‘abusing the child’ as an option of coping.Parents who abuse or neglect their children may in fact desire to be good parents, but the fact still remains that abuse and neglect have consequences – not just for the child, but also the parent. Abusing the child may lead to the parent being depressed over the idea that they are “bad parents”. This depression may lead the abusing parent or parents to feel helpless to change. Children who have experiences of violence or neglect and exposure to parental substance abuse at a young age, while not guaranteeing proliferation of those behaviors throughout the lifespan, nevertheless “compromises the development of some but not all children” . Individual resilience on the part of some children can play a significant role in long-term development, and whether or not kids take the bruises of their childhoods with them into adulthood. In other words, ‘tougher’ kids make it out with fewer lasting scars. But not everybody can be tough, and sometimes toughness is a mask for something deeper that has only been successfully hidden. Predicting the FutureWhile no one can say exactly what to expect when we’re addressing neglect and substance abuse in the home, we can say certainly that all scenarios are unique. A linear attempt at solving the issue via drug arrests or short-term therapy programs is likely to fail. There is a deeper cultural undercurrent that is keeping the flow of destabilization alive and it is this undercurrent that must be treated. In seeing the problem as such, we would do best to interpret that, while therapy for individual cases is essential to fixing the problem, it is by no means the only way out. In conjunction with therapy, preventative practices would play handily toward recovering individuals and communities affected by substance abuse related neglect and violence. Preventative practices, in this case, may be things such as a child never using drugs to begin with, or perhaps politicians lowering the penalty for petty drug crimes, or encouraging communal activities that bridge interpersonal connections between community members. That is to say, there are many different possible preventative possibilities that range from the individual level, to the community level, to the societal level. There are, of course, deeper issues such as ‘the economy’ that have a heavy hand in the cases of poverty and stress-related violence. The long and short is that each scenario is its own landscape of emotions, reasons, and origins, and each will have a different solution in the end.Poetry is life in sound and pattern, and we felt that a poem would convey not only a story, but an image of pattern between single households and the greater human community. Each experience is different, and we hope the poem Let Yourself In encapsulates that difference in some way. In addition, if further interest is generated by this blog, two excellent resources for this subject are www.childwelfare.gov and the more personal discussions of domestic violence and abuse at https://www.reddit.com/r/domesticviolence/. References English, E. (1998). The extent and consequences of child maltreatment. Future Of Children, 8(1), 39-53. Gregoire, K., & Schultz, D. (2001). Substance-abusing child welfare parents: treatment and child placement outcomes. Child Welfare, 80(4), 433-452 20p. Margolin, G. B. (2004). Children’s exposure to violence in the family and community. Current Directions In Psychological Science (Wiley-Blackwell), 13(4), 152-155. Neglect [Def. 1&2]. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster Online. In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/neglect/ Phillips, S. D., Gleeson, J. P., & Waites-Garrett, M. (2009). Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children’s Outcomes?. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 48(2), 120-138. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.childwelfare.gov/This post was written by Nathaniel Powers and Justin Moore, guest bloggers for the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Nathaniel and Justin are masters-level marriage and family therapist (MFT) in training enrolled in the Marriage and Family Therapy Department at Valdosta State University.