Biblical Archaeology Finds to Watch

first_img(Visited 109 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Are Moses and Jesus corroborated by extra-Biblical artifacts? Here’s the good and the bad about two interesting yet controversial finds.Was Ancient Hebrew the First Language?An article on Science News, accompanied by a photo of a rock with scratch marks, is titled “Oldest alphabet identified as Hebrew.” Bruce Bower’s sub-headline states, “Controversial claim argues that ancient Israelites turned Egyptian hieroglyphics into letters.” Further down, a diagram shows the markings transliterated from one of several slabs. The “stone slabs” were found “at several Egyptian sites” not specified, and are thought to be 3,800 years old, putting them into the time of the Hebrew sojourn in Egypt before the Exodus.The meaning of the letters depends on the work of one Douglas Petrovich:Israelites living in Egypt transformed that civilization’s hieroglyphics into Hebrew 1.0 more than 3,800 years ago, at a time when the Old Testament describes Jews living in Egypt, says archaeologist and epigrapher Douglas Petrovich of Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada. Hebrew speakers seeking a way to communicate in writing with other Egyptian Jews simplified the pharaohs’ complex hieroglyphic writing system into 22 alphabetic letters, Petrovich proposed on November 17 at the annual meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research.The abstract of Dr. Petrovich’s upcoming paper begins on page 105 of the ASOR November 16, 2016 Paper Abstracts. Bower’s summary includes some eye-catching possibilities from Petrovich’s translation of the squiggles. Once he figured out the script, he found some Biblical names:Several biblical figures turn up in the translated inscriptions, including Joseph, who was sold into slavery by his half-brothers and then became a powerful political figure in Egypt, Joseph’s wife Asenath and Joseph’s son Manasseh, a leading figure in a turquoise-mining business that involved yearly trips to Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula. Moses, who led the Israelites out of Egypt, is also mentioned, Petrovich says.In the comments after the article, Petrovich interacts with some critics, providing more detail and some corrections to Bower’s write-up. Petrovich is working on a book about his thesis. Other scholars are apparently taking this work seriously. The ID site Uncommon Descent mentions this article with interest. One commenter there thinks, “If this stuff holds up, it will be the final nail in the coffin for the longstanding JEDP style hypothesis.” The JEDP hypothesis (also called the documentary hypothesis) contended that Moses was not the author of the Pentateuch, but that different parts were written at different times and then stitched together by redactors. Perpetrated under the evolutionary assumption Moses could not have written such sophisticated material so long ago, the JEDP hypothesis has come under fire increasingly over the last century, now that earlier sophisticated writings have been found from other cultures.Are the Lead Codices the Work of Early Christians?A set of 70 codices made of lead plates bound together like notebooks, found in a Jordanian cave in 2008, has a checkered history of interpretation. They caused a media flap in 2011 with claims they contained the first image of the face of Jesus. Now, the UK’s Daily Mail claims the tablets contain interpretations of Jesus’ ministry that run contrary to the New Testament:The tablets suggest that Christ was not starting his own religion, but restoring a thousand-year-old tradition from the time of King David. They also suggest the God he worshipped was both male and female.Todd Bolen of Bible Places Blog, a Bible scholar and professor who lived in Israel many years, is our go-to guy for evaluating sensationalist claims. On March 11, 2011, he gave his first impressions of the codices, leaving room for the possibility they were authentic, because they didn’t seem like the kind of artifact a forger would make. He took great issue, however, with the leading promoter of the codices, a certain David Elkington, who Bolen feels has no credibility as a scholar and appears highly motivated to make money off the tablets. The artifacts themselves, additionally, have doubtful archaeological provenance, Bolen thought, because they were not found by archaeologists in situ, but had been shuffled between questionable characters in Jordan, including thieves.On April 4, 2011, Bolen followed up with additional evidence of forgery. He also poured cold water on the sensational write-ups coming from the Daily Mail and The Telegraph, adding more cold water in his April 11, 2011 blog entry that criticized the yellow journalism resulting from Elkington’s questionable claims. He was glad in his April 26, 2011 blog entry that the codices were seized by Jordanian police, saying, “This should allow a more thorough and honest investigation than has been done to this point.” By May 17, 2011, he joined in Thomas S. Verenna‘s condemnation of irresponsible journalists covering the story. Yet Bolen did not dismiss the artifacts themselves. “It is not clear if these items are authentic or forged,” he said in the March 11 entry. “….Personally I am inclined to believe that this find is genuine.” He based that partly on analysis of the inscriptions by a colleague. He took issue strongly, however, with the outlandish claim that they equal the Dead Sea Scrolls in significance.This is where the story gets interesting. The lead codices have resurfaced in the media with new results of dating methods that show they date back 2,000 years. Once again, the Daily Mail is at the forefront of sensationalist coverage, giving Elkington free rein to announce his ideas about what Jesus believed and taught. That’s a separate question from the date of the artifacts, which both Science World Report and Christianity Today agree look old, if the dating methods yielded correct results. From the Science World Report article:Now, to prove if the tablet is legit, the series of tests was conducted by Professor Roger Webb and Professor Chris Jeynes at the University of Surrey’s Nodus Laboratory from the Ion Beam Center. They confirmed that the tablet is compatible with a comparative sample of ancient Roman lead coming from the excavation site in Dorset.In a press statement, the experts mentioned that the tablet they tested “does not show the radioactivity arising from polonium that is typically seen in modern lead samples, indicating that the lead of the codex was smelted over one hundred years ago.”Furthermore, the crystallization analysis points out that the tablet is between the years 1800-2000 years old. The experts shared that “this provides very strong evidence that the objects are of great age, consistent with the studies of the text and designs that suggest an age of around 2000 years.”The codices, therefore, could present the earliest extra-Biblical mention of Jesus before the Tacitus inscription. The UK Mirror (another sensationalist newspaper) repeats the claims about an alternative view of Jesus, noting that the tablets also refer to Peter, James and John.Getting the dates right is an important step. Even accepting the antiquity of the objects, thereby disproving forgery, leaves enough wiggle room between the error bars to put the codices into the first, second or third centuries AD. Many questions remain about the authors of the texts, the identity of the “face” on one tablet, and the translation and interpretation of the text, which could differ from the age of the lead plates themselves. Answers need to come from more credible scholars than Elkington.Clearly, the last word is not with us on either of these finds. While interesting, we have, as Peter said, “a more sure word of prophecy” in the Scriptures themselves. How can anyone improve on the clear, cogent writings of the eyewitnesses of Jesus, like Peter, John, Paul, Mark, Jude, and close associates of the apostles, like Luke? How can one improve on five lengthy books written by Moses about contemporary events in Egypt? Those provide the supreme canon against which other sources must be measured.The secular media gets fascinated by extra-Biblical sources about Jesus and Bible characters, especially if they allegedly differ in some way from the Bible, and most especially if they present a politically-correct Jesus they can feminize or turn into a Hindu guru or non-supernatural moral teacher. The Gnostic gospels and Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code come to mind. Beware. Such claims usually rely on questionable artifacts stretched beyond what the original information can bear, sold to the gullible by hucksters seeking fame or fortune.The doctrine of inspiration (that the Bible is God’s word) includes the doctrine of preservation. The word of God does not entail secret missing portions that people needed to wait centuries later to dig up in some remote cave in Jordan or find under a hill Cumora in New York. The doctrine of inspiration includes consistency. It doesn’t allow a self-proclaimed prophet to appear six centuries late to contradict what the Lord Jesus said, or another to appear in New York with the “real” uncorrupted gospel. The doctrine of inspiration also includes the concept of perspicuity, meaning that the ordinary meaning of the text is clear. We don’t need to use the Bible like a crystal ball, looking for hidden messages or codes.We don’t re-interpret the Pentateuch based on what a rock in Egypt says. We don’t re-interpret Jesus based on what some lead tablets say. Those authors were not inspired to communicate God’s word to man. For all we know, the authors of the lead codices were members of a cult who had heard of Jesus and the disciples but made up their own ideas about them, just like Gnostics did in the second century, or like off-brand teachers do today. At best, archaeological finds confirm the historicity of the Bible and shed light on cultural and historical events of the time. These two discoveries might have value in those regards. Evaluation will require further analysis by scholars having the technical specialties in epigraphy, ancient languages and ancient customs. We share them only as developments worth watching.last_img read more

SA’s oil and gas operations hub

first_img5 November 2007German manufacturing company MAN Ferrostaal has launched South Africa’s first fabrication yard for oil and gas platforms at Saldanha Bay near Cape Town, positioning the country to take advantage of booming energy operations along Africa’s west coast.A company statement issued this week reveals that the investment is worth approximately €30-million (approximately R284-million) and forms part of a R1.7-billion investment pledged by the company into the South African oil and gas operations.This commitment is part of an offset deal brokered between the South African government and the company, which has built three new U-206 submarines for the SA Navy.At the official opening of the yard on Tuesday, MAN Ferrostaal chief executive Matthias Mitscherlich emphasised the great local added value in realising the project.“Three-quarters of all firms commissioned were South African companies and half of all expenditure went to companies which promote the interests of South Africa’s black population,” Mitscherlich said.Over 900 people from the Western Cape Region were involved in the nine-month construction period, with nearly all material used in the construction of the yard coming from South Africa.Saldanha Bay, situated about 60 nautical miles north-west of Cape Town, is the deepest and largest natural port in southern Africa, and it is intended that the platform fabrication yard will meet the increasing demand for production platforms triggered by the growing west African oil and gas industry.Complete offshore platforms, as well as components for offshore platforms such as bridges, outriggers, decks, mantles and submarine infrastructure, will be constructed at the 220 000 square metre complex.Until now, offshore oil and gas platforms used in west Africa have been manufactured solely in Europe, the Middle East, the US and south-east Asia, and capacity constraints meant lead times of up to seven years. The new production site at Saldanha Bay will reduce lead times and towing times for platforms to a fraction of the time currently required.MAN Ferrostaal believes that the sharp increase in oil prices will lead to increased demand for production platforms, and is currently in talks to construct a second site for the repair and maintenance of oil platforms in Cape Town.Both projects are of great social importance for South Africa, in addition to their economic significance, as they will lead to the creation of approximately 12 000 new jobs.“Due to the very positive feedback from the international oil industry, a capacity increase is already being planned for the complex in Saldanha Bay,” MAN Ferrostaal said.SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

SA seminars for Japanese investors

first_img27 May 2013 The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) is partnering with the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi United Financial of Japan to host seminars in Yokohama this week to promote Japanese investment in South Africa. According to Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies, the seminars are a follow-up on a memorandum of understanding (MOUs) signed by the DTI and the bank in February. The DTI said in a statement on Monday that other MOUs would be signed with other institutions this week aimed at providing Japanese companies with market intelligence to help them to establish businesses in South Africa. “The business seminars will give a chance to South African businesses to have bilateral business interactions with their counterparts in Japan.” Davies said South Africa was looking to promote more value-added exports from South Africa so as to diversify the country’s trade away from traditional resource-related products. To this end, South Africa would be promoting manufactured goods in sectors such as agro-processing, automotives, clothing, leather and textiles, metals beneficiation, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. He added that Japan was an important export destination for South Africa. “Japan is South Africa’s third-largest export destination, and an important traditional trading partner. “According to information from Japan External Trade Organisation, South Africa ranks either first, second or third as Japan’s source in the world for imports of preserved pears, preserved apricots, grapefruit, prepared peaches, ground nuts, motor cars of a capacity less than 1 500cc, cane sugar, oranges, rock lobster, macadamia nuts, apricots and juices.” The DTI will also participate in the African Fair 2013, the biggest business event related to Africa in Japan, taking place during the upcoming Tokyo International Conference on African Development Summit. “High-end items such as Rooibos espresso, Fairtrade wines and Wedgewood nougat will be showcased to appeal to the sharp Japanese palette,” Davies said. “Artwork from Ardmore Ceramics as well as Carrol Boyes design items, among others, will be exhibited during the Fair.” SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast, October 10, 2018

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A strong cold front moves into the state today. This front is the one that has been responsible for the heavy rains seen out west over the past 3-4 days. The main low is lifting northeast and will miss us to the west. That, along with the fact that the system is fully mature and has been raining itself out up to this morning, point to rain totals from .25” to 1”. Rains arrive by midday, and then spread across the state, holding through tonight and the first half of tomorrow. Our concern for strong to severe weather has dropped to pretty low levels this morning. We think that most of the state will be in the lower half to two thirds of the above expected rain range. Dry Thursday late afternoon through Friday. Clouds are back Friday night into Saturday, and while we think that big rain chances are unlikely, we would suggest keeping an eye out for a bit of renegade moisture around midnight Friday night into Saturday morning. If action holds together at all, it will stay in northern Ohio, mostly north of US 30.  Dry the rest of Saturday and the first part of Sunday. We still think we can see showers return later Sunday afternoon and hold through Monday.  This front is bringing another leg of cooler air, and because of that it will be pretty easy to wring out some moisture. We are expecting .25”-.5” rains over 70% Sunday late afternoon through Monday. Those rain totals are slightly lower than our forecast yesterday. The map at right shows combined rain totals through next Monday evening. This will encompass today’s wave, any Friday night action and then the moisture late Sunday through Monday. Dry behind that front through the rest of the week next week. The colder air coming behind the front on Monday means we may be looking at our first good frost event across the entire state Tuesday morning. We are seeing signs that most of Ohio could see the coldest morning in some time on Tuesday morning, and some areas will bottom out around 32 degrees, so be aware of that. The map at right shows minimum temps for next Tuesday. The dryness extends through the first part of the extended 11-16 day period as well, as we stay dry through the 21st. The front we have been watching in the extended period is picking up just a bit of speed, and now looks to arrive around the 22nd, with up to half inch rain potential and 75% coverage. Behind that front, we go back under the influence of high pressure, and should be dry through the 25th. Temperatures cool off to near normal levels for the rest of this week after the frontal passage today. The front for late weekend and Monday brings another leg down in temps, and may lead to our first frost, as outlined above. Then the rest of the forecast period through the 25th sees mostly near to slightly below normal temps statewide.last_img read more

Still Battling “Reply Girls,” YouTube Tweaks Algorithms To Reflect Watch Time

first_imgTop Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting fruzsina eordogh Tags:#web#YouTube 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Related Posts center_img A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… The YouTube community is still feeling the aftershocks of last Spring’s “Reply Girls” controversy, as the video giant revamps its internal search rankings to reward not just the initial click but how long a video is watched.The Reply Girls ControversyAnnounced in an official blog post last week, this tweak is part of YouTube’s “ongoing efforts to focus our video discovery features on watch time,” which sounds innocent enough. The blog post goes on to mention that the update is part of site changes that began in March. For those in the know, March was when “Tittiepocalypse,” aka the Reply Girls controversy, blew up.   Throughout half of 2011 and early 2012, YouTube’s Related Videos section was overrun with videos of push-up-bra-wearing women baring their cleavage for YouTube profit. These women weren’t just using their breasts for click-candy to drive traffic, they were also employing various SEO tactics, including tag manipulation.Manipulating Related VideosThe video-sharing community grew frustrated by the Reply Girls and their new way of doing the YouTube business (not to mention the lack of actual “related” content in Related Videos), and protested online so ferociously in February that YouTube decided to change not just how Related Videos are selected, but also what consitutes a “view” of a video.The Reply Girls, who got their name from how each of their videos was framed as a “reply” to the latest trending video, exploited YouTube’s system of awarding ad revenue based on initial clicks. At the height of their power, some Reply Girls were making upwards of $10,000 a month from YouTube, purely from what the company would later categorize as “spam.” Much Has ChangedThe Reply Girls controversy is responsible for YouTube’s overhaul of its tags system, how a view is calculated, how Related Videos work and now how YouTube ranks videos in search.     The blog post announcing the change doesn’t officially refer to the breast-filled controversy by name, instead links to a previous blog post that writes “(Cleavage thumbnails, anyone?).”YouTube has never actually issued a public statement on the Reply Girls; it’s rather embarassing for the company that young women were allowed to exploit YouTube’s algorithms for eight months – without hacking – for maximum profit. (It is also against YouTube policy to comment on individual partners.)   YouTubers Still Not HappyLike previous site changes, many YouTubers weren’t particularily thrilled with the news, nor could they understand how this change affects creators of shorter, less-than-five-minute videos (the company’s post – hardly more than a paragraph – held few details).Others thought revamping the algorithm was unnecessary. Sochii Kamiya and Andelia Rehauste wrote in a comment on Monday, “[I]nstead of doing stupid updates, how about actually SOLVING glitches like the subscribers issue since [M]arch?”  last_img read more

Resource Discovery: The Power of Empathy

first_imgThis post was written by Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFT, Social Media Specialist. She is a member of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn. By Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFT Resource Discovery-Today’s “Resource Discovery” features a video that offers insight into the power of empathy. The animated RSA Shorts video highlights a portion of a presentation that researcher and story teller, Dr. Brené Brown, gave. Dr. Brown’s discussion not only distinguishes between empathy and sympathy but also explores how the use of empathy can ease pain and suffering. The animation was created by Katy Davis.Brown, B. (2015). Photo of brene brown. The Daring Way LLC. Retrieved from http://thedaringway.com/Dr. Brown is a licensed master social worker, best selling author and research professor at the University of Houston (Graduate College of Social work). Her research on vulnerability, courage, shame and worthiness has been featured on PBS, NPR, CNN, and the OWN network. She is also the founder and Chief Learning and Research Officer of The Daring Way, a training and certification program for helping professionals that are interested in Dr. Brown’s research initiatives. Her 2010 TEDx Houston talk on the Power of Vulnerability is one of the most widely viewed talks on TED.com with over 12 million views. She is also known for her 2012 TED Conference talk, Listening to Shame.last_img read more

Strength in numbers: Thousands of Filipinos in Lebanon rally behind Gilas

first_imgCelebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side READ: Filipinos in Lebanon go all out in support of Gilas PilipinasAnd in Gilas’ tiff against Qatar on Sunday, Filipino fans took their admiration to the next level as they rallied behind their team even after the game.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsAs per Fiba.com, more than 2,000 fans came out to meet Gilas in its 80-74 win over Qatar. The victory put the squad on top of Group B with a 3-0 record with wins over defending champion China and Iraq.Photo from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.comPhoto from Fiba.com Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Filipinos sure know how to show their all-out support to their beloved national basketball team.The Philippine team has been the biggest draw of the 2017 Fiba Asia Cup and the number of fans in attendance at Nouhad Nawfal Sports Complex in Beirut, Lebanon appears to be growing every time Gilas hits the floor.ADVERTISEMENT Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters MOST READ DILG, PNP back suspension of classes during SEA Games Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next China stops skid, Korea stays spotless in AVC NGCP on security risk: Chinese just technical advisers View commentslast_img read more

Lady Red Spikers up

first_imgSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ LATEST STORIES Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. SBC’s top hitter Cesca Racraquin challenges St. Benildes’ Dianne Ventura as Marites Pablo tries to provide help during their PVL Collegiate Conference clash at the Filoil Flying V Center. CONTRIBUTED PHOTOChesca Racraquin doesn’t mind being likened to seasoned veteran Rachel Anne Daquis, but as much as possible, she wants to carve her own niche.On Wednesday night she made a strong case for it.ADVERTISEMENT Aquino to Filipinos: Stand up vs abuses before you suffer De Lima’s ordeal PLAY LIST 02:07Aquino to Filipinos: Stand up vs abuses before you suffer De Lima’s ordeal02:21‘Bato’ says Robredo has to toughen up: ‘This is war…hindi ka pwedeng pa-cute cute dito’00:50Trending Articles02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side View comments Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side San Beda had the chance to finish the match early but allowed St. Benilde to come back mainly through Ranya Musa, who had 22 points including eight blocks.“We lacked the aggressiveness in the third set because after winning the first two we became very complacent,” said Racraquin.The fourth frame was tied at 13 until “our rotation allowed us to make crucial adjustments,” said Racraquin, whose three straight points gave San Beda a 20-17 lead.ADVERTISEMENT Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters The 20-year-old Racraquin displayed leadership beyond her years in leading San Beda to a 25-21, 25-20, 17-25, 25-22 triumph over St. Benilde in the Premier Volleyball League Collegiate Conference at Filoil Flying V Centre.“I know that I have something different to offer,” said Racraquin, who scored 15 points including 12 attacks.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingTrue to her promise, the 5-foot-8 stunner also proved to be as sharp on the defensive end, making 22 excellent digs and 10 receptions for the Lady Red Spikers, who improved to a 2-1 record.In the second match, Lyceum downed Jose Rizal University, 25-20, 24-26, 25-13, 25-22, for its first win. Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo MOST READ Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Never an easy road to the Grand Slam Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. last_img read more

12 jobs offlimits for expats in Saudi

first_imgThe Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has imposed a restriction on the expatriates from working in 12 sectors from the next Hijri, according to Jeddah-based newspaper Saudi Gazette. Saudi labour and social development minister Ali Al-Ghafees on Monday issued a ministerial decision in this regard in an attempt to create more job opportunities for Saudi citizens.The 12 work areas banned for expats are: watch shops, optical stores, medical equipment stores, electrical and electronics shops, outlets selling car spare part, building material shops, outlets selling all types of carpets, automobile and mobike shops, shops selling home furniture and ready-made office material, sale outlets of ready-made garments, children clothes and men’s supplies, household utensils shops and pastry shops.last_img