20 July 2007The Western Cape’s growing film industry contributed an estimated R3.5-billion to South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) in the 2006/07 financial year, according to a study commissioned by the Cape Film Commission.Total turnover for the Western Cape film industry was estimated at R2.65-billion for the year, with about 77% (R2.03-billion) of this located in Cape Town.Barry Standish and Antony Boting from the University of Cape Town’s Graduate School of Business carried out the study earlier this year.The study estimates that 30 long form productions, 600 commercials and 2 100 stills productions were made in the Western Cape in 2006/07.Long form productions, with a turnover of R1.12-billion, was the largest part of the industry, followed by commercials at R0.87-billion and stills at an estimated R0.66-billion. Inside of long form, feature films added R934.3-million and made-for-TV productions R181.3-million.Service commercials made up the largest part of the local commercials industry, with a turnover of R631.8-million in 2006/07, followed by local commercials (R162.5-million) and international commercials (R77.9-million).Creating jobsThe study estimates that the film industry created at least 6 058 full year job equivalents in the Western Cape, of which 1 841 were in long form, 2 459 in commercials and 1 758 in stills. It is estimated that about 4 638 (77%) of these direct jobs were in Cape Town.Estimates are that 2 501 “indirect jobs” were also created in the province through linkages to the film industry, 1 915 of which were in Cape Town.“In total, between 7.9 and 8.2 direct and indirect jobs are created in South Africa for every R1-million spend on production,” the study found.Knock-on effectCatering and accommodation had the most film-related indirect jobs, followed by business services, the general business sector, financial services, and machinery and equipment renting and leasing.The study also found that the film industry is an important contributor to “bed nights” in South Africa, with at least 313 576 bed nights generated throughout the country in 2006/07.Of these, at least 252 000 were generated in the Western Cape, represents 10.7% of the estimated total 2.36-million business bed nights in the province for the year.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Beekeepers in Ohio again suffered substantial losses of colonies over the exceptionally long and cold winter of 2014-2015. Here in Wooster we lost more than half of our colonies, and beekeepers around the state are reporting levels of winter kill as high as 80%. While the frigid temperatures played a substantial contributing role, losses were undoubtedly made worse by all of the problems facing bees today: parasites, diseases, pesticides, breeding problems, and a general lack of summer and fall forage.Spring is the only reliably good season for bees in Ohio. Colonies that survived the winter and new colonies brought up from the Gulf Coast or California are in the process of harvesting nectar and pollen from spring-blooming trees and weeds — but little honey will be made. This spring bounty will be eaten by the bees themselves as they multiply and grow into large productive colonies that will be able to make a honey crop off of clovers, black locust, alfalfa and soybean in the coming months. Additionally, robust colonies are needed to pollinate the fruit trees soon and pumpkins, squash and cucumbers later in the summer.This spring build-up of honey bee colonies can be directly threatened by corn planting. Insecticide seed treatments used on corn seed produce an insecticidal dust when they are planted. Depending on conditions, this insecticidal dust can settle on the flowering trees and weeds that bees are visiting. Insecticides formulated as dusts are the absolute worst for honey bees because they do not immediately kill the bees visiting flowers. Rather than causing immediate death, the dust is packed up with the pollen and brought back to the colony where it is can poison young bees inside the colony.In spring of 2013 and 2014, we sampled pollen from six bee yards in Madison, Union and Clark Counties. During corn planting, all colonies were bringing back pollen containing corn seed treatment insecticides. While no spectacular bee-kills were observed in our colonies, we did observe a significant increase in the number of dead bees appearing in front of colonies during the week of corn planting in 2014. It is possible that different planting conditions could have led to no increase in bee death, as we say in 2013, or obvious piles of dead bees as were observed in 2012. In 2013 and 2014, corn planting in central Ohio coincided with the start of bloom for fruit trees and hawthorns — extremely attractive flowers for bees — which likely drew bees away from the riskier and somewhat less attractive dandelions, mustards and purple deadnettle growing in corn fields and on field margins. In some years, planting may happen before or after fruit tree bloom when bees are intensely interested in weeds growing in and near fields. This may have been the case in Ohio in 2012 when planting started early and a number of bee-kill incidents were reported.
By Nathaniel Powers and Justin Moorepixabay [child-1311854_1280 by smengelsrud, April 12, 2016]Back in 2003, I knew a certain mother of two. She was a friend of my roommate, and she would come over on weekends for drinks and such. Initially, I thought nothing of her visits. She was college educated, worked part-time, and I’d usually see her with her children at the grocery when she wasn’t at our place. Over time, however, something began to dig at me. She came over more frequently, and stayed longer, to the point where she was with us at least once a week and would stay the night. I didn’t ask at first, but found out eventually that her ten-year-old was at home taking care of her six-year-old. As a single parent, her courtship was removing her from her children in a way that our western mindset and laws does not abide by. Here was a seemingly responsible woman ‘abandoning’ her children to fulfill her need for connection. While the rhetoric of neglect was not established in my mind at the time, I knew she lived in a risky neighborhood. I knew, also, that there were no caretakers at home with her kids. I had a multitude of questions about her decisions that went unanswered: Were her children feeding themselves? Did they have any fire safety knowledge? Were they using the stove? Were they playing outside after dark? She eventually realized the danger she was putting herself in, and that the ramifications of staying out overnight with no guardians could land her in some deep water. She stopped staying over at night, and eventually stopped coming over much at all. My roommate had something to do with this, I’m sure.In the end, all was well. She was never violent with her kids to my knowledge, and openly doted on them in public. Of course, the risk of accidents or worse things due to neglect was surely there, and fortunately, to my knowledge, no long term damage was done, perhaps because, to my knowledge there was no substance abuse issues. This may be considered only a minor incident, but a clear real life example of what our culture may define as neglect nonetheless. Unlike my friend and her situation, other families may not realize the wrongs they are committing, or perhaps, if they do realize, lack the awareness or desire it takes to change. Research demonstrates that child neglect and parental substance abuse go hand in hand . The following will be an exploration of this relationship.Merriam-Webster Online describes neglect as “failing to take care of or to give attention to someone or something” . In my friend’s case, her children were the victims of their mother’s absence. One may consider them fortunate that seemingly no ill effects became of her absence; however, some cycles of neglect can never be rectified and may result in far more dire outcomes. What makes issues of parental substance abuse and neglect so important to service professionals is not only the prevalence of such occasions, but the variability of these occasions. Families are living entities, and each has nuances that differ from the next. Having a solid hold on how to approach each one individually is essential to addressing the core issues of neglect and parental substance abuse. In addition to substance abuse, the greatest parental contributors to childhood neglect are teen parenting and personal features . ‘Personal features’ here refers to issues that parents may be individually having difficulty coping with, such as depression, disability, overworking, or other conditions that translate into neglect in the home. Other causes of neglect are ‘child factors’, ‘family factors’, and ‘community and environmental factors’ . Child factors are childhood disabilities that require extended care. Family factors may include such things as single-parent households (as in the case of my acquaintance) or violent relationships between parents. Community/Environmental factors may include neighborhoods that are simply bad for anyone, or conditions of abject poverty, in which maintaining self-care and subsequent family-care are made exponentially more difficult due to low wages and poor resources.A certain Princeton study, detailed that “children who have been abused and neglected are more likely to perform poorly in school and to commit crimes against other persons . These abused/neglected children more often experience emotional problems, depression, suicidal thoughts, sexual problems, and alcohol/substance abuse” . This is to say that abuse and neglect, which can be a direct result of parental substance abuse as will be discussed later, may affect the child or children on many levels. English found that “between 50% and 80% of families involved with child protective services are dealing with a substance-abuse problem . When we combine the above factors in a poverty setting, “unrealistic expectations, depression, isolation, substance abuse, and domestic violence … increase the likelihood of maltreatment” . What We’ve LearnedThe overall landscape of childhood abuse and neglect in regards to parental/caregiver substance abuse goes deeper than a parent who simply has a problem of using. Cultural, economic, and environmental factors all contribute to the issue at hand. Alcohol and substance use alone does not beget violence in the home, but it can accentuate stressful situations and reduce inhibitions that may otherwise be employed in the prevention of physical or emotional violence and/or abuse. To view the incidence of childhood trauma as solely generated from a drug or alcohol is dangerously myopic. Treating such issues cannot be done by way of any one-shot regimented treatment, but should be done on a case-by-case basis. We feel it important to note that, “Family and friends influence the decisions of persons with substance abuse problems to get help, complete treatment, and maintain sobriety” , therefore it would be beneficial for service professionals to pay close attention to a drug abusing individual’s social support system. We have to remember as well that the great majority of parents with problems do want to be good parents to their children. Focusing on the parent’s social support system by the service professional may go a long way in changing the way the parent deals with stressful situations, and possibly rids ‘abusing the child’ as an option of coping.Parents who abuse or neglect their children may in fact desire to be good parents, but the fact still remains that abuse and neglect have consequences – not just for the child, but also the parent. Abusing the child may lead to the parent being depressed over the idea that they are “bad parents”. This depression may lead the abusing parent or parents to feel helpless to change. Children who have experiences of violence or neglect and exposure to parental substance abuse at a young age, while not guaranteeing proliferation of those behaviors throughout the lifespan, nevertheless “compromises the development of some but not all children” . Individual resilience on the part of some children can play a significant role in long-term development, and whether or not kids take the bruises of their childhoods with them into adulthood. In other words, ‘tougher’ kids make it out with fewer lasting scars. But not everybody can be tough, and sometimes toughness is a mask for something deeper that has only been successfully hidden. Predicting the FutureWhile no one can say exactly what to expect when we’re addressing neglect and substance abuse in the home, we can say certainly that all scenarios are unique. A linear attempt at solving the issue via drug arrests or short-term therapy programs is likely to fail. There is a deeper cultural undercurrent that is keeping the flow of destabilization alive and it is this undercurrent that must be treated. In seeing the problem as such, we would do best to interpret that, while therapy for individual cases is essential to fixing the problem, it is by no means the only way out. In conjunction with therapy, preventative practices would play handily toward recovering individuals and communities affected by substance abuse related neglect and violence. Preventative practices, in this case, may be things such as a child never using drugs to begin with, or perhaps politicians lowering the penalty for petty drug crimes, or encouraging communal activities that bridge interpersonal connections between community members. That is to say, there are many different possible preventative possibilities that range from the individual level, to the community level, to the societal level. There are, of course, deeper issues such as ‘the economy’ that have a heavy hand in the cases of poverty and stress-related violence. The long and short is that each scenario is its own landscape of emotions, reasons, and origins, and each will have a different solution in the end.Poetry is life in sound and pattern, and we felt that a poem would convey not only a story, but an image of pattern between single households and the greater human community. Each experience is different, and we hope the poem Let Yourself In encapsulates that difference in some way. In addition, if further interest is generated by this blog, two excellent resources for this subject are www.childwelfare.gov and the more personal discussions of domestic violence and abuse at https://www.reddit.com/r/domesticviolence/. References English, E. (1998). The extent and consequences of child maltreatment. Future Of Children, 8(1), 39-53. Gregoire, K., & Schultz, D. (2001). Substance-abusing child welfare parents: treatment and child placement outcomes. Child Welfare, 80(4), 433-452 20p. Margolin, G. B. (2004). Children’s exposure to violence in the family and community. Current Directions In Psychological Science (Wiley-Blackwell), 13(4), 152-155. Neglect [Def. 1&2]. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster Online. In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/neglect/ Phillips, S. D., Gleeson, J. P., & Waites-Garrett, M. (2009). Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children’s Outcomes?. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 48(2), 120-138. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.childwelfare.gov/This post was written by Nathaniel Powers and Justin Moore, guest bloggers for the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Nathaniel and Justin are masters-level marriage and family therapist (MFT) in training enrolled in the Marriage and Family Therapy Department at Valdosta State University.
Somdev Devvarman jumped 30 places to reach career best singles ranking of 80 in the ATP charts following his stupendous show at the SA Tennis Open, where he ended runner-up on Sunday.Somdev DevvarmanSomdev lost the summit clash to local favourite Kevin Anderson but earned 150 ranking points, that helped him climb the ranking ladder up.Somdev had broken into top-100 in August last year but kept floating inside and outside that bracket in the next few months.Comeback boy Karan Rastogi is the next best Indian at number 328.Meanwhile the re-united partners Mahesh Bhupathi (5) and Leander Paes (6) kept their rankings intact in the doubles chart.In the WTA ranking, Sania Mirza’s ranking was unchanged in both singles (135) and doubles (66).Poojashree Venkatesha was second best ranked Indian at number 514, a gain of 20 position, in the singles chart.
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Kolkata, May 30 (PTI) Continuing its tirade against the ISL organisers, the Indian Football Association has shot off a letter to AIFF seeking another round of meeting with Mohun Bagan and East Bengal before the stakeholders meet with the AFC at Kuala Lumpur on June 7. “Ive sent the letter and waiting for a response,” IFA secretary Utpal Ganguli said as they have sought to know the roadmap of Indian football as promised to them by the AIFF in an earlier meeting. This was an outcome of a joint decision by Mohun Bagan and East Bengal officials who joined hands in their tirade against the Football Sports Development Limited and threatened to disrupt the ISL if their demands of franchise fee waiver and money from central pool were not met. It is understood that both East Bengal and Mohun Bagan will boycott the AFC meeting if the AIFF president turns down the proposal for another meeting. PTI TAP ATK ATK
Diego Costa has accused Chelsea of treating him like a “criminal” in a forthright newspaper interview which will deepen the breach with the Premier League club.The striker is seeking a move back to Spain in the transfer window and has not played for Chelsea since the FA Cup final in May, following which he claims manager Antonio Conte sent him a text, telling him he was not in his plans for the new season.Costa was interviewed at home in Brazil on the same day Chelsea lost their opening Premier League game to Burnley, and said he was refusing the club’s demand to return to play with the reserves.”They want me to be there training with the reserves. I wouldn’t be allowed access to the first-team dressing room and I would have no contact at all with the guys,” he told the Daily Mail.”I’m not a criminal! I don’t think it is fair after all I have done to be treated like that.”Reuters PhotoThe Brazilian-born Spain international, who joined Chelsea from Atletico Madrid in 2014, said if the club did not allow him to move before the transfer window he was prepared to see out his contract unpaid in Brazil.”I am open to being a year in Brazil without playing, even if Chelsea fine me for a year and don’t pay me. I’ll come back stronger. If I was in the wrong, I’d go back now and do as they say.”I want the deal with Atletico resolved this month. My idea would be to go to Madrid, train there, get in the best physical shape and be ready to fire ahead of the World Cup.”advertisementThe situation is complicated by the fact that Atletico are currently banned from signing players in this window although a loan deal would be possible.Costa’s relationship with Conte appears to have broken down although the Brazilian accepts the Italian “is a good coach”.Last week Conte said there was “no news” on the Costa situation but earlier this summer said the “situation is closed.”
RIO DE JANEIRO — Brazilian star Neymar lost his national team’s captaincy for the Copa America to veteran Dani Alves, in another move suggesting the striker will be under heavy pressure to deliver the title of the South American tournament on home soil.Brazil’s football confederation, CBF, said in a statement on Monday that 36-year-old defender Alves, a close friend of Neymar’s who plays with him at Paris Saint-Germain, will start wearing the armband in the friendly against Qatar on June 5 in Brasilia.The Copa America will be played between June 14 and July 7, and Brazil’s first match will be against Bolivia in Sao Paulo on opening day.CBF also said Brazil coach Tite informed Neymar of his decision on Saturday, the day the Paris Saint-Germain striker arrived at the national team’s training ground outside Rio de Janeiro. The soccer body also said Alves will only join the group on Tuesday, but was informed on Sunday of his new status.Daniel Alves será o capitão da #SeleçãoBrasileira na Copa América. Boa sorte, craque! ⚽?? #JogaBolaSaiba mais em https://t.co/8JGEihDKZXFoto: @lucasFigfoto / CBF pic.twitter.com/WVGf96pYDa— CBF Futebol (@CBF_Futebol) May 27, 2019Tite, Neymar and Dani Alves have not talked about the decision yet.The 27-year-old Neymar was his national team’s captain since the elimination in the World Cup quarterfinals against Belgium in 2018. Brazil’s coach said then he wanted to give more responsibilities to the striker, who is under criticism from Brazil fans since his unconvincing performances in Russia.Tite’s decision comes after Neymar’s altercation with a fan at the French Cup final on April 27. The striker apologized for the altercation after PSG lost on penalties to Rennes, but that was not enough to keep the armband. Brazil’s coach has been under pressure since to take away the captaincy from Neymar.New captain Alves won Copa America in 2007, and scored a goal in the 3-0 victory against Argentina in the final. He has the highest number of caps on Brazil with 138.The right-back was expected to be Brazil’s captain during the World Cup in Russia, but he suffered a left knee injury that didn’t allow him to play.Brazil’s preparations for Copa America were halted on Monday, with players resuming training Tuesday afternoon.Brazil is in Group A with Bolivia, Venezuela and Peru.TweetPinShare0 Shares
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Sheffield Utd to bid for Brentford striker Ollie Watkinsby Paul Vegas19 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveSheffield United are eyeing Brentford striker Ollie Watkins.Chris Wilder and his team are looking for another striker, even though they bought Oli McBurnie and Callum Robinson in the summer.Brentford forward Watkins has been tracked since the start of a campaign in which he has become one of the Championship’s top scorers, says The Sun.United have fancied Watkins for years as he can play anywhere across the front line.And his run of scoring in a new central role confirmed their belief in him.Crystal Palace wanted Watkins in the last window but he was priced too high for their liking.
Pay TV operator Sky Deutschland is to add music channel Jukebox to its programming line-up at the start of October.The channel, which airs a mix of contemporary and classic hit music, will be included in the Sky World package for satellite and IPTV customers and will also be receivable over cable.Jukebox is owned by niche channel provider High-View, which also provides channels including Planet, RCK TV and RLX TV.