Internal tensions could “weaken” Guyana on world stage – Greenidge

first_imgGuyana-Venezuela border controversyForeign Minister Carl Greenidge said on Thursday that the domestic issues facing Guyana could have a negative impact on the country’s image internationally as the border controversy matter with Venezuela continues before the International Court of Justice (ICJ).He made this comment during a symposium hosted by the Guyana Trades Union Congress (GTUC) where he called for a united front between Government and the Opposition on the Guyana-Venezuela border controversy even as the outcome of court rulings over the December 21, 2018 no-confidence resolution loomed.“I myself don’t think that it was a coincidence. The Venezuelans were notified on December 6 and 7 and they said nothing; the works started and they did nothing, but when they did move, it was immediately after this internal problem,” the Foreign Affairs Minister opined.He further said that settling the issue would address Venezuela’s recent maritime transgressions, which, among other things, were aimed at the country gaining access to the Atlantic through the Essequibo region. It was one day after the 33-32 passage of the Opposition filed motion that Venezuelan Navy operatives temporarily intercepted an ExxonMobil-contracted oil exploration vessel offshore the Stabroek Block in Guyana’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).The ExxonMobil vessels under contract by the company and its partners, CNOOC of China and NEX of the USA, were performing exploratory seismic work when they were intercepted about 10:30h on December 22, 2018.Greenidge posited that our internal divisions “could weaken” the country on the international stage. “They weaken us in the eyes of our enemies. They believe that when we are divided, we don’t have as much of a voice internationally,” he stressed.At the same time, the senior Cabinet member explained that the maritime issue could not be sorted out unless the land controversy was finally put to rest since a country would needed a coastline to stake a claim to maritime space. The Minister also outlined that the sections of the Stabroek Block where the vessel was intercepted was far removed from the area, where Guyana’s western neighbour claimed there were Orinoco River delta deposits.“The Orinoco delta is roughly 120 kilometres from the boundary that constitutes Guyana’s EEZ … it’s not nearby, you can’t just wish that you were a couple of miles different,” he noted.Greenidge further said that Venezuela’s 2015 decree affected the maritime boundaries of 14 Caribbean countries. He has made it clear that the marine space, including all minerals, under sea and in the air, belonged to Guyana.Despite Guyana moving to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to clear up the controversy, Bloomberg News has reported on Venezuela’ controversial plans to remap its Caribbean off shore oil in the next few months which could further add to tensions with Guyana.Officials at the state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela were tight-lipped on the matter, but, according to reports, the new survey will also include areas bordering the Caricom nations of Grenada and St Vincent and the Grenadines.Last year, the Guyana Government filed documents at the ICJ outlining the challenges created by Venezuela and outlined why it believes that the Court has a right to hear its case to settle the border controversy over the 1899 Arbitral Tribunal Award.Greenidge recently met with the US National Security Council’s Western Hemisphere Affairs Director Mauricio Claver-Carone in Brazil over the matter. Carone urged Venezuela to respect international law and the rights of its neighbours. Further, the US State Department reiterated in a statement that “Guyana has the sovereign right to explore and exploit resources in its Exclusive Economic Zone”.During Wednesday’s symposium, retired Major General Joe Singh gave a presentation outlining the historical background to the 1899 Arbitral Tribunal Award that later became a matter of contention.last_img read more

Local SPCA warns of scam

first_imgGutknechet says the SPCA and the RCMP are aware of this scam, and are asking anyone who has been approached by these individuals to contact the local RCMP at 250-787-8140. Gutknechet is asking the community to always ask for identification, and check with the local authorities if you are suspect a scam. The Fort St. John SPCA is warning residents of a scam going on in the city.On Monday, the SPCA received numerous calls from residents who live near the North Peace Secondary High School. Two male teenagers were canvassing for donations door-to-door. They told residents that the money would be going to the local shelter. – Advertisement -Witnesses say one male has spiky hair and dresses in punk fashion. The other male was described as nicely dressed, with a shaved head and dark stubble.Bev Gutknechet is an animal care attendant, and answered many of the calls on Monday. Advertisementlast_img read more

Dinner by candlelight to promote energy conservation

first_imgPeace River North MLA Pat Pimm thanks the restaurants for participating, adding that it’s only appropriate in the Energetic City.“FortSt. John is B.C.’s energy capital, and here, more than anywhere else, we know the importance of using power wisely,” he argues. “Increasing energy efficiency is easy to do, and the Candlelight Conservation Dinner is a nice way to remind people to conserve energy.”More than 75 restaurants are participating this year in 11 B.C. communities. Each will also offer an exclusive discount or special offer for the night.- Advertisement -For more information, you can go online to www.bchydro.com, and for more on Power Smart Month you can visit www.powersmart.ca.last_img

Doherty meets fishermen as Sinn Féin legislation comes before Dáil

first_imgDeputy Pearse Doherty has called on all members of the Oireachtas to support Sinn Féin’s ‘Heritage License Bill’ which is due to come before the Dáil on the 18th of January.Speaking during a visit to Tory Island yesterday where he met with island fishermen and members of the island’s Comharchumann, the Donegal Deputy urged cross-party backing for the legislation which, if enacted, will recognize island based fishing communities.Deputy Doherty said “I am happy to be visiting Tory island today along with Cllr John Sheamais Ó Fearraigh and to have this opportunity to meet with fishermen as well as with the island’s Comharchumann in order to discuss this important piece of legislation. “The Heritage License Bill, which Sinn Féin launched last July on Arranmore Island, has now been selected for second stage and will come before the Dáil when it returns next week.”This legislation aims to ensure that island based fishing communities have their rights to practice long established traditional fishing methods and practices protected and recognised in law.“Of course, the failure of successive governments to stand up for our island communities has meant that they’ve been unable to make a living as existing Common Fisheries Policy rules prevent them from fishing their own coastal waters.“However, through working closely with the Irish Islands Marine Resource Organisation, IIMRO, Sinn Féin has developed this Bill which, if enacted, will see the allocation of a dedicated quota to the islands. “The Bill also seeks to facilitate the continuation of traditional fishing practices on our offshore islands, and will provide for the issuing of licences to island fishermen who are habitually resident on an island and engaged in small-scale coastal fishing.“We expect the bill will get the support of the majority of the Dáil as the concept for this Bill came from the Agriculture and Fisheries joint Oireachtas report on making Island Communities sustainable.“The Bill will be debated in the Dáil on Thursday the 18th of January, and I am again calling for all Oireachtas members to lend their support to this legislation.“I also want to take this opportunity to thank all those who’ve continued to work closely with the party on this important issue, including our coastal fishing communities here in Donegal, and I want to also thank the local Comharchumann here on Tory who facilitated today’s meeting on the island.”Doherty meets fishermen as Sinn Féin legislation comes before Dáil was last modified: January 9th, 2018 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Arranmore IslanddonegalFishingTory Islandlast_img read more

Biblical Archaeology Finds to Watch

first_img(Visited 109 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Are Moses and Jesus corroborated by extra-Biblical artifacts? Here’s the good and the bad about two interesting yet controversial finds.Was Ancient Hebrew the First Language?An article on Science News, accompanied by a photo of a rock with scratch marks, is titled “Oldest alphabet identified as Hebrew.” Bruce Bower’s sub-headline states, “Controversial claim argues that ancient Israelites turned Egyptian hieroglyphics into letters.” Further down, a diagram shows the markings transliterated from one of several slabs. The “stone slabs” were found “at several Egyptian sites” not specified, and are thought to be 3,800 years old, putting them into the time of the Hebrew sojourn in Egypt before the Exodus.The meaning of the letters depends on the work of one Douglas Petrovich:Israelites living in Egypt transformed that civilization’s hieroglyphics into Hebrew 1.0 more than 3,800 years ago, at a time when the Old Testament describes Jews living in Egypt, says archaeologist and epigrapher Douglas Petrovich of Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada. Hebrew speakers seeking a way to communicate in writing with other Egyptian Jews simplified the pharaohs’ complex hieroglyphic writing system into 22 alphabetic letters, Petrovich proposed on November 17 at the annual meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research.The abstract of Dr. Petrovich’s upcoming paper begins on page 105 of the ASOR November 16, 2016 Paper Abstracts. Bower’s summary includes some eye-catching possibilities from Petrovich’s translation of the squiggles. Once he figured out the script, he found some Biblical names:Several biblical figures turn up in the translated inscriptions, including Joseph, who was sold into slavery by his half-brothers and then became a powerful political figure in Egypt, Joseph’s wife Asenath and Joseph’s son Manasseh, a leading figure in a turquoise-mining business that involved yearly trips to Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula. Moses, who led the Israelites out of Egypt, is also mentioned, Petrovich says.In the comments after the article, Petrovich interacts with some critics, providing more detail and some corrections to Bower’s write-up. Petrovich is working on a book about his thesis. Other scholars are apparently taking this work seriously. The ID site Uncommon Descent mentions this article with interest. One commenter there thinks, “If this stuff holds up, it will be the final nail in the coffin for the longstanding JEDP style hypothesis.” The JEDP hypothesis (also called the documentary hypothesis) contended that Moses was not the author of the Pentateuch, but that different parts were written at different times and then stitched together by redactors. Perpetrated under the evolutionary assumption Moses could not have written such sophisticated material so long ago, the JEDP hypothesis has come under fire increasingly over the last century, now that earlier sophisticated writings have been found from other cultures.Are the Lead Codices the Work of Early Christians?A set of 70 codices made of lead plates bound together like notebooks, found in a Jordanian cave in 2008, has a checkered history of interpretation. They caused a media flap in 2011 with claims they contained the first image of the face of Jesus. Now, the UK’s Daily Mail claims the tablets contain interpretations of Jesus’ ministry that run contrary to the New Testament:The tablets suggest that Christ was not starting his own religion, but restoring a thousand-year-old tradition from the time of King David. They also suggest the God he worshipped was both male and female.Todd Bolen of Bible Places Blog, a Bible scholar and professor who lived in Israel many years, is our go-to guy for evaluating sensationalist claims. On March 11, 2011, he gave his first impressions of the codices, leaving room for the possibility they were authentic, because they didn’t seem like the kind of artifact a forger would make. He took great issue, however, with the leading promoter of the codices, a certain David Elkington, who Bolen feels has no credibility as a scholar and appears highly motivated to make money off the tablets. The artifacts themselves, additionally, have doubtful archaeological provenance, Bolen thought, because they were not found by archaeologists in situ, but had been shuffled between questionable characters in Jordan, including thieves.On April 4, 2011, Bolen followed up with additional evidence of forgery. He also poured cold water on the sensational write-ups coming from the Daily Mail and The Telegraph, adding more cold water in his April 11, 2011 blog entry that criticized the yellow journalism resulting from Elkington’s questionable claims. He was glad in his April 26, 2011 blog entry that the codices were seized by Jordanian police, saying, “This should allow a more thorough and honest investigation than has been done to this point.” By May 17, 2011, he joined in Thomas S. Verenna‘s condemnation of irresponsible journalists covering the story. Yet Bolen did not dismiss the artifacts themselves. “It is not clear if these items are authentic or forged,” he said in the March 11 entry. “….Personally I am inclined to believe that this find is genuine.” He based that partly on analysis of the inscriptions by a colleague. He took issue strongly, however, with the outlandish claim that they equal the Dead Sea Scrolls in significance.This is where the story gets interesting. The lead codices have resurfaced in the media with new results of dating methods that show they date back 2,000 years. Once again, the Daily Mail is at the forefront of sensationalist coverage, giving Elkington free rein to announce his ideas about what Jesus believed and taught. That’s a separate question from the date of the artifacts, which both Science World Report and Christianity Today agree look old, if the dating methods yielded correct results. From the Science World Report article:Now, to prove if the tablet is legit, the series of tests was conducted by Professor Roger Webb and Professor Chris Jeynes at the University of Surrey’s Nodus Laboratory from the Ion Beam Center. They confirmed that the tablet is compatible with a comparative sample of ancient Roman lead coming from the excavation site in Dorset.In a press statement, the experts mentioned that the tablet they tested “does not show the radioactivity arising from polonium that is typically seen in modern lead samples, indicating that the lead of the codex was smelted over one hundred years ago.”Furthermore, the crystallization analysis points out that the tablet is between the years 1800-2000 years old. The experts shared that “this provides very strong evidence that the objects are of great age, consistent with the studies of the text and designs that suggest an age of around 2000 years.”The codices, therefore, could present the earliest extra-Biblical mention of Jesus before the Tacitus inscription. The UK Mirror (another sensationalist newspaper) repeats the claims about an alternative view of Jesus, noting that the tablets also refer to Peter, James and John.Getting the dates right is an important step. Even accepting the antiquity of the objects, thereby disproving forgery, leaves enough wiggle room between the error bars to put the codices into the first, second or third centuries AD. Many questions remain about the authors of the texts, the identity of the “face” on one tablet, and the translation and interpretation of the text, which could differ from the age of the lead plates themselves. Answers need to come from more credible scholars than Elkington.Clearly, the last word is not with us on either of these finds. While interesting, we have, as Peter said, “a more sure word of prophecy” in the Scriptures themselves. How can anyone improve on the clear, cogent writings of the eyewitnesses of Jesus, like Peter, John, Paul, Mark, Jude, and close associates of the apostles, like Luke? How can one improve on five lengthy books written by Moses about contemporary events in Egypt? Those provide the supreme canon against which other sources must be measured.The secular media gets fascinated by extra-Biblical sources about Jesus and Bible characters, especially if they allegedly differ in some way from the Bible, and most especially if they present a politically-correct Jesus they can feminize or turn into a Hindu guru or non-supernatural moral teacher. The Gnostic gospels and Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code come to mind. Beware. Such claims usually rely on questionable artifacts stretched beyond what the original information can bear, sold to the gullible by hucksters seeking fame or fortune.The doctrine of inspiration (that the Bible is God’s word) includes the doctrine of preservation. The word of God does not entail secret missing portions that people needed to wait centuries later to dig up in some remote cave in Jordan or find under a hill Cumora in New York. The doctrine of inspiration includes consistency. It doesn’t allow a self-proclaimed prophet to appear six centuries late to contradict what the Lord Jesus said, or another to appear in New York with the “real” uncorrupted gospel. The doctrine of inspiration also includes the concept of perspicuity, meaning that the ordinary meaning of the text is clear. We don’t need to use the Bible like a crystal ball, looking for hidden messages or codes.We don’t re-interpret the Pentateuch based on what a rock in Egypt says. We don’t re-interpret Jesus based on what some lead tablets say. Those authors were not inspired to communicate God’s word to man. For all we know, the authors of the lead codices were members of a cult who had heard of Jesus and the disciples but made up their own ideas about them, just like Gnostics did in the second century, or like off-brand teachers do today. At best, archaeological finds confirm the historicity of the Bible and shed light on cultural and historical events of the time. These two discoveries might have value in those regards. Evaluation will require further analysis by scholars having the technical specialties in epigraphy, ancient languages and ancient customs. We share them only as developments worth watching.last_img read more

Cape film boost for economy

first_img20 July 2007The Western Cape’s growing film industry contributed an estimated R3.5-billion to South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) in the 2006/07 financial year, according to a study commissioned by the Cape Film Commission.Total turnover for the Western Cape film industry was estimated at R2.65-billion for the year, with about 77% (R2.03-billion) of this located in Cape Town.Barry Standish and Antony Boting from the University of Cape Town’s Graduate School of Business carried out the study earlier this year.The study estimates that 30 long form productions, 600 commercials and 2 100 stills productions were made in the Western Cape in 2006/07.Long form productions, with a turnover of R1.12-billion, was the largest part of the industry, followed by commercials at R0.87-billion and stills at an estimated R0.66-billion. Inside of long form, feature films added R934.3-million and made-for-TV productions R181.3-million.Service commercials made up the largest part of the local commercials industry, with a turnover of R631.8-million in 2006/07, followed by local commercials (R162.5-million) and international commercials (R77.9-million).Creating jobsThe study estimates that the film industry created at least 6 058 full year job equivalents in the Western Cape, of which 1 841 were in long form, 2 459 in commercials and 1 758 in stills. It is estimated that about 4 638 (77%) of these direct jobs were in Cape Town.Estimates are that 2 501 “indirect jobs” were also created in the province through linkages to the film industry, 1 915 of which were in Cape Town.“In total, between 7.9 and 8.2 direct and indirect jobs are created in South Africa for every R1-million spend on production,” the study found.Knock-on effectCatering and accommodation had the most film-related indirect jobs, followed by business services, the general business sector, financial services, and machinery and equipment renting and leasing.The study also found that the film industry is an important contributor to “bed nights” in South Africa, with at least 313 576 bed nights generated throughout the country in 2006/07.Of these, at least 252 000 were generated in the Western Cape, represents 10.7% of the estimated total 2.36-million business bed nights in the province for the year.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

South Africa condemns boy’s kidnapping

first_img30 April 2012 South Africa has condemned the kidnapping of a 12-year-old South African boy in Kuala Lumpur, and urged the government of Malaysia to do everything in its power to secure the boy’s release. Nayati Shamilin Moodliar was on his way to school when he was kidnapped on Friday morning. “The South African government condemns in the strongest possible terms this act of criminality and calls on the government of Malaysia to continue with its efforts to secure the release of Nayati Moodliar and to bring the perpetrators to book,” the Department of International Relations and Cooperation said in a statement on Sunday. It said the government has been in contact with the boy’s family both in Malaysia and South Africa. “The South African High Commissioner in Malaysia has visited the family to express the government’s support to them,” the department said. “The High Commission is in daily contact with the relevant authorities.” The government called on the public to support the Moodliar family until they were reunited with their son.SA in talks to secure release of SA nationa Meanwhile, South Africa is also in talks with officials in Sudan to secure the release of a South African man who was captured at the weekend, the department said. “Our ambassador is speaking to the [Sudanese] authorities. We are offering consular assistance to him,” department spokesperson Clayson Monyela said on Monday. He said South Africa was also working jointly with other countries that have nationals who are captured in Sudan. Thabo Siave and his South Sudanese colleague, who are employees of Denel Mechem, were participating in a United Nations humanitarian operation when they were captured. According to media reports, Denel Mechem said the men had full diplomatic immunity because of the work they were doing for the UN’s peacekeeping forces. Meanwhile, the authorities are waiting for details regarding the South African man who was reportedly shot and killed by his bodyguard in Somalia on Friday. The incident is said to have happened in Somalia’s Puntland region. “We don’t know anything about it,” Monyela said on Monday. “Our mission in Kenya is looking into it.” South Africa does not have a mission in Somalia. Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

Google Spies on Congress? Maybe Congress Should Lock Its Wifi

first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Advocacy group Consumer Watchdog released a report this week claiming that “Google’s WiSpy snooping could have sucked up and recorded communications from members of Congress, some of whom are involved in national security issues”. The BBC quickly picked up on the story, reporting that Google’s Street View “snoops” on Congress members, but overlooks one important piece of the puzzle: If these people are involved in issues of national security, why haven’t they put a password on their wireless network?According to a blog post last May by Google, a leftover piece of code made it into code used in Google’s Street View cars, which collected not only the intended SSID and Mac Addresses, but also wifi payload data. This meant that Google inadvertently collected information sent over unsecured wireless networks as it took pictures and other information. Already, the company has been sued and faced multiple investigations. Now, Consumer Watchdog is calling for another investigation, saying that “Congress owes Americans action.” The group “sent technicians with equipment similar to that used by Google to five members’ homes depicted on Street View to see if there were open WiFi networks that Google could have tapped into and recorded communications.” Apparently, they found that Representative Jane Harman of California – chair of the Intelligence Subcommittee of the Homeland Security Committee – was among a group of nearly 20 high level government officials whose home networks “could have been breached by Google.”John Simpson of Consumer Watchdog told the BBC that the group thinks “the Google Wi-Spy effort is one of the biggest wire tapping scandals in US history” and that its purpose “was to show that members of Congress are targets just as much as every other citizen in the land”. A better purpose, it would seem, would be to show that government officials entrusted with issues of national security are apparently broadcasting information out to the public over unencrypted networks – perhaps this merits an investigation. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts mike melansoncenter_img Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Google#news#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

WAC is Still Growing, Launch News Coming Soon

first_imgTags:#apps#mobile#news sarah perez The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech …center_img The Wholesale Applications Community (WAC) is an allegiance of telecommunications firms and others working together to create a common mobile platform. The goal of the group is to simplify the mobile application process for developers, allowing them to deploy mobile apps across all member networks simultaneously. Or more simply put, it’s an effort to build a global mobile app store.Now the group has just added 10 new members. And more importantly, it says that it will announce details of its commercial launch in a matter of days.WAC, which formed at last year’s Mobile World Congress, was initially composed of 24 mobile operators. At the time, many doubted whether or not this “global app store” approach would arrive in a timely enough fashion to truly compete with the growing juggernaut that is the iTunes Store, not to mention newer competitors like the Android Marketplace, which now hosts approximately 200,000 apps itself.But later in the year, WAC partnered with JIL (the Joint Innovation Lab), an organization with similar goals. When the merger completed, WAC released the WAC 1.0 specification, based on JIL’s specs. Apps using this new standard will be able to launch in all WAC members’ app stores, the group said.Now, in advance of the announcement regarding WAC’s commercial launch plans, the organization has again added members. The 10 new additions bring the total count to 68. Today’s new members include Adobe, Amdocs, Eyeline, HP, IBM, Minigate, Neustar, Panasonic, SAP and SanDisk.“Each company will bring its own unique level of expertise that will support WAC in providing solutions that will accelerate and expand the market for applications and provide greater choice for consumers,” the organization said by way of its press release.Commercial Launch Plans Revealed Next WeekThe bigger news, however, is that WAC will finally announce its commercial launch plans at next week’s Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. In attendance will be several CEOs from its member organizations.As a reminder, some of the notable names on its member list include Accenture, Ericsson, Huawei, Intel, Qualcomm, Samsung, Alcatel-Lucent, Fujitsu, LG Electronics, Aplix, LiMo, Oberthur, Opera, Oracle, ZTE and, of course, dozens of mobile operators.Will WAC being launching at Mobile World Congress perhaps? How many developers will soon embrace WAC 1.0? Will WAC be able to compete with Apple and others? We’ll know more next week -stay tuned. Related Posts Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagementlast_img read more

300 Muslim students to get scholarships on PM’s birthday

first_imgA total of 300 economically backward Muslim students would be awarded the Narendra Modi Scholarship on the Prime Minister’s 67th birthday on September 17, the Forum for Muslim Studies and Analysis (FMSA) announced on Tuesday.The scholarship was constituted by the FMSA, an Aligarh-based group of Muslim intellectuals, in May last year.EmpowermentJasim Mohammad, the director of the FMSA, said: “The Prime Minister is concerned about the problems of the minority community. I constituted the scholarship in his name because it will empower the minority community educationally. Once empowered, these students will make our country proud.”Last year, a total of 100 students were awarded the scholarship of ₹5,000. But, given the enthusiastic response it received, the FMSA decided to increase the number of beneficiaries to 300.Forms available online“Last year, more than 22,000 Muslim students had applied for the scholarship, 16,000 of whom were girls. It only showed the extent of desire among Muslims to study. So, we decided to modify the scholarship amount to ₹3,000 and increase the number of beneficiaries to 300,” said Mr. Mohammad.He added that the aim of the scholarship was to “carry forward the commitment of the Prime Minister to Sab Ka Saath, Sab Ka Vikas”.Last dateThe form for the scholarship has been uploaded on www.jasim.org. Students of classes XI, XII, graduation and post-graduation are eligible to apply. The last date for submitting the form is September 10.Mr. Mohammad shot to the limelight when he wrote the first-ever biography of the Prime Minister, titled Narendra Bhai Modi — Farsh Se Arsh Tak, in Urdu. The first volume of the proposed five-volume biography was launched by Mr. Modi on May 10 last year.last_img read more