It is the Tottenham striker for whom they want to make the largest disbursement in history. Break the transfer record table. Kane’s words, a few weeks ago, when he first opened the door to his departure from Tottenham alarms went off in the noble hall of the spurs. Daniel Levy is under a lot of pressure since the COVID-19 crisis is suffocating the Tottenham coffers. The situation in the club is not buoyant and they have seen in Kane’s march a way to alleviate his agonizing situation (It still owes a large part of the loans of more than 700 million euros that they requested for the construction of their new stadium). He Manchester United intends to strengthen a lot in the next transfer period and convert again Old Trafford in the real ‘Theater of Dreams’. The ‘Red Devils’ They have several objectives on the table but they have focused their negotiations in two directions: Jadon Sancho and Harry Kane. According Daily Mail, Levy has set a price for Kane: 227 million euros. United, eager to sign a great striker, see nothing crazy to go for the English attacker and beat the record of € 222M, which holds the transfer of Neymar from Barça to PSG. His other option is Haaland but he sees the Norwegian closer to Real Madrid or PSG, despite the good relationship with his coach Solskjaer.Although to enter first it is important to let out and at United he already thinks of doing cleaning. Alexis Sánchez, Phil Jones, Jesse Lingard, Andreas Pereira and Chris Smalling are in the trigger and it is with Paul Pogba with which they really want to make cash. Real Madrid and Juventus are on the prowl.
“What do you want me to do,” added Guardiola in an interview with TV3.“We were together for two years. (He had) 365 and 365 (days) to tell me (his feelings).“It’s not important, it doesn’t matter.”Ivorian international midfielder Toure had told France Football magazine earlier this week that he had questioned whether his skin “colour” had contributed to him being little used by Guardiola during City’s record breaking run to the Premier League title last season.“He insists he has no problems with black players, because he is too intelligent to be caught out,” Toure had said.“But when you realise that he has problems with Africans wherever he goes, I ask myself questions.”Toure, who also played under Guardiola at Barcelona before the Catalan sold him to City, pointed to the treatment his compatriot Wilfried Bony received when Guardiola arrived at City.Bony was quickly loaned out to Stoke City for the 2016/17 season before being sold to Swansea City.Toure said “Pep brutally got rid of Bony”, although the Ivorian’s record since leaving City — four goals in 25 league appearances — hardly suggests Guardiola was mistaken.During his outburst, Toure said he wanted to smash “the myth” surrounding Guardiola.Toure played 319 matches over eight seasons with the Sky Blues and won the Premier League three times and the FA Cup once.But he was limited to just 17 appearances in all competitions last season.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Pep Guardiola has coached Yaya Toure at both Barcelona and Manchester City © AFP/File / Paul ELLISMADRID, Spain, Jun 10 – Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola has hit back at Yaya Toure denying accusations he’s racist in an interview on Spanish television.“He knows I’m not,” insisted Guardiola when asked about Toure’s previous claims the Spaniard “has problems with Africans”.
Phil Brown believes Steve Bruce could convince Danny Welbeck to swap Manchester United for Hull City.The England striker looks likely to be surplus to requirements as Louis van Gaal sets about re-shaping his squad, and Hull are one of a number of clubs interested in signing him.And former Tigers boss Brown thinks it’s a move that could happen.“It’s not beyond the realms of possibility,” he told the Weekend Sports Breakfast. “The way Steve plays, any player would be attracted to that style of play. And Welbeck would be a great acquisition for any Premier League club.“The perception of Hull has changed over the past few years. The brand has changed. But if he does get Welbeck, it will be down to the manager.”
Michelle & MaxPic:David Poole/Naoise Culhane PhotographyDONEGAL actress Michelle Doherty has revealed she suffered from post-natal depression after having her son Max and blamed being away from her family and friends here.“It didn’t happen to me until about eight months. But I thought it was because I was lonely and I didn’t have my support network,” she said in an interview with the Sunday Independent.“All I did was cry. I just couldn’t get my head around anything “I don’t know this. I don’t know how to deal with this because it’s not me. I kept thinking to myself, I’ve got an amazing partner. I’ve got an amazing, healthy baby boy.“What more do you want? What’s wrong with you? And you’re giving out to yourself saying, ‘cop on’, but it’s out of your control.“There is nothing you can do to stop how you feel. I was trying to be really strong for Max on a daily basis when Mark was at work,” she added.“I want him to think life is great, everything is great. I always make a conscious decision, no matter what’s happening, I’ll always have a happy head on around him. “It was just this constant battle you think, ‘Oh my God, is every day going to be like this? Am I always going to feel like this? Am I ever going to be able to shake it off?’ That’s the scary thing about it,” said the Malin woman.Suffering from PND has made the TV star think about the bigger issues and has given her a new perspective on life, she said. MICHELLE DOHERTY: MY POST-NATAL HELL was last modified: January 11th, 2016 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Michelle Dohertypost-natal
Minister for Justice Alan Shatter said it was impossible not to think that the transfer of Garda killer Martin McDermott to an open prison was wrong, a prison he had escaped from before. And he said “all necessary steps” will be taken to ensure that mistakes such as the escape of the convicted Raphoe man two weeks ago do not happen again.The Minister was responding to a report by the Irish Prison Service last night on the circumstances surrounding the transfer to, and escape from, Loughan House of prisoner McDermott. McDermott, 26, escaped from the Co Cavan prison on March 15th. He was arrested the next day at a friend’s house in Derry.He had been convicted of killing Garda Gary McLoughlin after striking the patrol car in which he was sitting in a speeding vehicle in December 2009. Sentenced in July 2011, he was jailed for eight years for the manslaughter of Garda McLoughlin.McDermott has escaped from the same prison in 2007, returning six days later. This was before he killed Gda McLoughlin.Last night, Mr Shatter said having considered the report, “it was impossible to avoid the conclusion” that the transfer of McDermott to the open prison was wrong.He said “sufficient consideration was not given to the gravity of the heinous offence” committed as well as to other criteria, and he had been assured by the director general of the Irish Prison Service that steps were being taken to prevent such a recurrence.It’s not known yet whether or not Mr Shatter has personally apologised to the family of Gda McLoughlin.Follow us on www.twitter.com/donegaldailyFollow us on www.facebook.com/donegaldailyMINISTER ADMITS IT WAS WRONG TO TRANSFER GARDA KILLER TO OPEN PRISON was last modified: March 29th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:escapeGarda Gary McLoughlinMartin McDermott
THE father of a Co Donegal man knocked down and killed in Germany after stabbing three people claimed today that his son had been let down by the health system here.Enda McLaughlin, who was 27 and from Carndonagh,McLaughlin hailed a cab in Holland and asked to be driven over the border to Germany, where he stabbed the taxi driver in the city of Aachen. Shortly afterwards, he stabbed another man, before hailing a taxi and asking to be taken to Cologne.The taxi driver managed to get the man to leave his taxi, which he did on a lay-by, where he stabbed an Estonian truck driver before running onto the motorway, where he was hit by a car and a lorry and killed.Pat McLaughlin said today: “The mental health system here let him down. Enda was a good and decent young man but he needed help and never really got it.”The dead man had been working in Germany and was said to be more settled. But it’s thought he may have begun drinking again before “snapping”.He had walked free in April from Letterkenny Circuit Court after being found not guilty by a jury for an alleged attack on a woman in Falcarragh.He had a string of previous convictions including one where he attacked circus workers during a show in Carndonagh in May 2007. He was jailed for 18 months.His mother Elizabeth, who left him when he was three, died in a fire at her home in December 2010. ‘MY SON WAS A GOOD AND DECENT YOUNG MAN WHO NEVER GOT HELP’ – DAD OF McLAUGHLIN was last modified: June 25th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CarndonaghcourtEnda McLaughlinletterkenny
Here are three amazing stories that speak for themselves.Baby music: It appears that babies can remember lullabies they heard in the womb that their mothers sang. Science Daily reported on a University of Helsinki study that measured brain waves of 24 newborns who were sung a song repeatedly while in utero; they reacted more strongly and immediately than babies who did not hear them. “These results show that fetuses can recognise and remember sounds from the outside world,” the article said.“Even though our earlier research indicated that fetuses could learn minor details of speech, we did not know how long they could retain the information. These results show that babies are capable of learning at a very young age, and that the effects of the learning remain apparent in the brain for a long time,” expounds Eino Partanen, who is currently finishing his dissertation at the Cognitive Brain Research Unit.Blind sight: Researchers from Montreal and Boston shined more light on blindness. They found that even when the rods and cones of three blind patients were completely unresponsive, the ganglion cells transmitted information to the brain. They were “stunned to discover that the brain still respond [sic] significantly to light in these rare three completely blind patients despite having absolutely no conscious vision at all,” Science Daily said. Functional MRI and experiments with sound shows that the patients’ brains were aware unconsciously of blue light shined into the eyes. The ganglion cell response to light appears to raise a person’s attentiveness.Vegetative consciousness: For the first time, patients listed in a persistent vegetative state have shown the ability to respond to words with their brains, even when their bodies could not. Experiments with 21 patients described as “vegetative” and eight controls at the University of Cambridge showed that some were not only aware, but were paying attention. One patient in particular “was able to focus on words signalled by the experimenters as auditory targets as successfully as healthy individuals,” Science Daily reported. “If this ability can be developed consistently in certain patients who are vegetative, it could open the door to specialised devices in the future and enable them to interact with the outside world.”Ironically, fully conscious, fully born, fully sighted minors can be killed with government permission in some European countries. A big debate in Belgium is underway about extending the country’s liberal euthanasia law to minors – and pediatricians are supporting it. “Why deprive minors of this last possibility?” 16 of them argued, putting the onus on the critics. “The issue is hugely controversial and raises a host of ethical problems but a majority of Belgian lawmakers is thought to favour the change,” Medical Xpress reported – up to three quarters of Belgians, in fact. Religious leaders are opposed to this proposed expansion of legal assisted suicide, which rose 25% last year (1,432 cases). If the new law passes, all a minor under 18 judged to be capable and conscious would have to do is repeatedly state that he or she wants to die. Concerned that a “grave issue” is being “trivialized,” the religious leaders issued a statement that included, “We cannot accept a logic which will lead to the destruction of society’s foundations.”How dare we treat human life as anything but sacred. Who knows what horrors unborn babies and people in “vegetative state” have suffered at the hands of the healthy? Their Maker knows. One shudders to think of Terry Schiavo conscious of the discussions about killing her when she had no way to express herself, suffering pain all the way through her starvation. Darwinists think only the “fit” deserve to live, however fitness is defined by those in power. God fearers know that the most helpless among us are the most in need of care and love. Let these scientific findings reinforce the conviction to actively support the right to life. Let’s also help minors understand God’s love for them so that they will not sink into despair. History and the last story above about euthanasia illustrate once again that all that is needed for evil to triumph is for good people to do nothing – and it can triumph in one generation if the young are taught that life is the product of evolutionary happenstance, a plaything for the powerful. The foundation of the right to life is recognition that we are endowed by our Creator with unalienable rights, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (i.e., a life of satisfying purpose).(Visited 18 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Steve Groff is a noted cover crop proponent from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, who farms in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed that also includes parts of New York, Virginia, West Virginia and most of Maryland. What happens in his watershed matters to Ohio’s farmers, whether they know it or not.“Cover crops are a part of the strategy to reduce nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment in the Bay. In southeastern Pennsylvania in 2005, cover crops were used on 5% of farm acres in the Chesapeake Bay watershed,” Groff said. “Now there are cover crops on 18% of Chesapeake Bay region and 75% of fields in Lancaster County, Penn. are planted to cover crops.”Groff has spent many years refining his use of cover crops to maximize their benefits and profitability on his farm. In more recent years, regulations in the watershed have encouraged his neighbors to follow his example.“We do have a pollutant problem and these water quality problems are things the public can see. This shapes the public perception of agriculture. They sometimes go over the top to make things scary sounding — that is what the media does — but you have to admit there is a kernel of truth there. If we do not do something about this, we are going to be regulated out the wazoo,” he said. “Now they are using satellite imagery to monitor cover crop usage in Chesapeake Bay that is being used as a pilot program to test ground truth. They are doing this in Maryland to see if guys are really planting cover crops.”With continuing discussion about making the requirements for the Chesapeake Bay a national template, every farmer in the country needs to be carefully watching as the regulatory environment continues to evolve in the watershed.“Should we use the carrot or stick to get more cover crops? In this watershed you cannot spread manure over winter unless you have at least 25% ground cover so livestock producers have to plant cover crops,” Groff said. “We are 15 years down the road with these regulations and now there is a lot of voluntary adoption with this. We don’t want more regulations but they are probably coming. You may as well start tinkering around with this stuff now because you will probably have to be doing it some day anyway.”Josh McGrath, associate professor and soil and fertility and nutrient management specialist at the University of Maryland, said the Chesapeake Bay nutrient management strategies are far from ideal in some cases because they too often favor the politics over the reality of the situation.“Maryland is probably the most highly regulated state in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, which is probably the most highly regulated watershed for agriculture in the country,” McGrath said. “The Maryland Water Quality Improvement Act was passed in 1998 and the first thing that it did was mandate that farmers could not exceed the fertility recommendations of University of Maryland Extension. That was not something that we supported in Extension. All farmers in Maryland now have to have nutrient management plans that cover N and P.”The emphasis on mandates is a real concern for McGrath and others, because, while these mandated practices may be the right fit for some agricultural situations, they may be the wrong fit for others. The net result is that mandates can actually hurt water quality improvement efforts.“What we have done is turn the clock back in some situations. Agriculture has been progressively moving forward with technology that allows us to be more site specific,” McGrath said. “Some of the regulations, like mandating the incorporation of manure, may be fine on the coastal plain where it is flat, but in western Maryland with steep slopes and highly erodible soil, no–till was dominant. We’ve just turned back the clock to the 1970s by having these incorporation regulations across the board. Blanket regulations are moving us backwards with regard to site specificity.”In his paper from early 2015,“Implementation of agricultural phosphorus management policy in Maryland” Frank J. Coale, a professor at the University of Maryland, outlined the evolution of the growing regulatory environment faced by farmers in Maryland.“Beginning in the late 1980s, the State of Maryland adopted various policies and developed voluntary agricultural nutrient management programs aimed at reducing P loading of surface waters. In swift response to a popularized Chesapeake Bay fish kill during the summer of 1997…the State of Maryland passed the Water Quality Improvement Act of 1998, which phased in mandatory N and P-based nutrient management planning regulations for Maryland farmers. The P management provisions of these aggressive regulations were fully implemented by 2005,” Coale said in the paper. “In an effort to further alleviate water quality impairments and accelerate reductions of P inputs to the Chesapeake Bay from agricultural sources, President Obama issued Executive Order 13508 in May 2009 that declared the Chesapeake Bay a ‘national treasure’ and ushered in a new era of federal oversight and accountability. In 2010, under the existing provisions of the Federal Clean Water Act of 1992, the U.S. EPA developed Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) limits for P entering the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay TMDL prescribed the amount of P input that can be tolerated by the Bay ecosystem and not result in impaired water quality. A 2025 deadline was established by which time each of the Chesapeake Bay watershed states will be legally obligated to achieve the TMDL P load reductions necessary to alleviate water quality impairments. By 2025, total P loading to the Chesapeake Bay must be less than 14.5 million pounds P per year and P loading from Maryland’s tributaries to the Chesapeake Bay must be no greater than 2.8 million pounds P per year. The TMDL implementation plan allows for half of Maryland’s total load, or 1.4 million pounds P per year, to originate from agricultural sources. In order to achieve the 2025 TMDL mandate, overall P loading from Maryland tributaries will need to be reduced by 15% and P loading from agricultural sources will need to be reduced by 12%, relative to today’s estimated loading rates.”As this model for addressing water quality inches closer to being implemented nationwide, the American Farm Bureau Federation and many others filed friend-of-the-court briefs last month urging the U.S. Supreme Court to hear arguments on the EPA’s plans for the Chesapeake Bay water quality “blueprint.”Filers included 92 members of Congress, 22 states, forestry groups represented by the Pacific Legal Foundation, and a broad cross-section of the U.S. economy represented by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers and the National Federation of Independent Business.“The fact that so many voices are being raised in support of Supreme Court review shows the broad and severe threat that EPA’s action here poses nationwide,” said Bob Stallman, AFBF president. “EPA has asserted powers that do not appear in any law written by Congress, and it has done so in the context of an iconic national treasure, hoping that will inoculate its power grab in the courts. We have faith that the nation’s highest court will see this for what it is and hold EPA accountable to stay within its statutory authority.”Despite aggressive new commitments and water quality achievements by the six states in the Bay watershed in the mid-2000s, the EPA asserted federal control over the Chesapeake Bay recovery in its 2010 “blueprint.” The new federal plan effectively gives EPA the ability to function as a super-zoning authority over local and state governments — dictating where homes can be built, where land can be farmed, and where commercial development can occur, AFBF said.If carried out, the plan could impose tens of billions of dollars in direct costs — with unknown economic impacts on local communities and economies. AFBF contends that it also denies state and local governments and businesses the flexibility to adapt to new circumstances, instead locking in limits that can quickly become outdated but can only be revised by EPA.To date, lower courts upheld EPA’s blueprint on the theory that it furthers the water quality goals of the Clean Water Act — despite the absence of words in the statute authorizing such federal action. A significant issue presented for the Supreme Court is the degree to which courts should defer to broad agency interpretations of their statutory power.“The broad support for the Farm Bureau petition shows that deep concerns about the Bay blueprint go far beyond agriculture and far beyond the Bay region,” said Ellen Steen, AFBF General Counsel. “Members of Congress, states and business groups recognize that this illegal framework will be imposed throughout the country unless the Court intervenes. Given the enormous social and economic consequences, not to mention the grave questions about federalism and deference to agency overreaching, this is a case that cries out for Supreme Court review.”Maybe it is time to schedule a trip to Lancaster, Pennsylvania. This is the second in a series of stories taking a look at the some of the nation’s water quality issues.
By the time the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and its team of consultants and testers had completed their investigation of problem drywall imported from China during the building boom, the agency had heard complaints about the drywall from 3,905 homeowners in 42 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, and Puerto Rico.The complaints focused on the drywall’s alleged off-gassing of compounds that, homeowners said, caused health problems, including respiratory ailments and headaches, and caused corrosion of metal components in the homes. Many people said the drywall also emitted a sulfurous rotten-egg odor that rendered their homes almost uninhabitable. The CPSC estimates that as many as 6,300 homes are afflicted with the problem product.A final guidance for homeowners, based on a study of 51 homes (41 “complaint” homes and 10 non-complaint homes) and issued by the CPSC on September 15, recommended a few relatively modest actions beyond the obvious – and, in many instances, financially impractical – step of replacing the drywall: (1) replacement of all smoke and carbon monoxide alarms; (2) replacement of electrical distribution components, including receptacles, switches, and circuit breakers (but not necessarily wiring); and (3) replacement of fusible-type fire sprinkler heads.No extensive research on possible long-term health problemsOne striking thing about the CPSC investigation is that it never extensively researched homeowners’ claims of health problems related to the drywall. As noted in the CPSC summary released this month, the agency “requested that CDC (U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) consider undertaking a comprehensive study of any possible long-term health effects. In February 2011, CDC indicated that the best scientific evidence available at that time did not support undertaking a long-term health study.”An FAQ on the CPSC website acknowledges homeowners’ complaints about health problems, but also notes that because “many consumers report that their symptoms lessen or go away when they are away from their home, but return upon re-entry, it appears that these symptoms are short-term and related to something within the home.”“The staffs of the CPSC and CDC,” the FAQ continues, “agree that the levels of sulfur gases detected in the affected homes in the 51-home study were at concentrations below the known irritant levels in the available scientific literature; however, it is possible that the additive or synergistic effects of these and other compounds in the subject homes could potentially cause irritant effects to consumers.”Hydrogen sulfide and the humidity factorWhatever health problems the off-gassed compounds might or might not have caused, they did in fact corrode more metal surfaces (particularly copper and silver) in the study’s complaint homes than in the non-complaint homes, researchers under the CPSC purview found. Concentrations of hydrogen sulfide were significantly higher in complaint homes, for example, and hydrogen sulfide concentrations in the air were associated with higher dew points for homes with imported drywall. “Hydrogen sulfide was present where the dew point reached typical room temperatures and condensation of water vapor would be expected,” a study summary noted.In addition, the study showed that while hydrogen sulfide and formaldehyde concentrations in indoor air were associated with corrosion rates in the study homes, concentrations of aldehydes in the indoor air of both complaint and non-complaint homes did not differ significantly.One positive outcome of all this is that the researchers involved now have ways to identify problematic drywall using a combination of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis. The CPSC also noted that it continues to work with industry standards groups to develop better standards for drywall, and that ASTM International is pushing for a requirement that all drywall sheets be stamped with the manufacturer’s name, the production date, and the source materials.
A new look at the “vital signs” of Earth’s climate reveals a stark picture of declining health. As global temperatures rise, so do sea level and the amount of heat trapped in the ocean’s upper layers. Meanwhile, mountain glaciers and Arctic sea ice are melting away beneath an atmosphere where concentrations of three key planet-warming greenhouse gases continue to rise.“Data show that the climate is changing more rapidly now than it has at any time in the historical record,” says Thomas Karl, director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, North Carolina. “The numbers speak for themselves.”The numbers speak pretty loudly, too. Depending on which data set scientists look at, 2013 falls somewhere between the second warmest and sixth warmest year since record keeping began in 1880. Global sea level reached a new record high last year—about 3.8 centimeters (1.5 inches) above the average measured by satellites between 1993 and 2010. Overall, sea level is rising about 3 millimeters (one-eighth of an inch) each year. And for the 23rd straight year, mountain glaciers on the whole lost more ice than they gained, says Jessica Blunden of ERT Inc., who works with Karl at the climate monitoring agency in Asheville. “Changes in these [glaciers] are visible and obvious signs of climate change,” Blunden says.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The new study, State of the Climate in 2013, was released online today in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. The detailed, peer-reviewed analysis was based on data from environmental monitoring stations on land, sea, and ice and from sensors on satellites and planes. More than 400 scientists from 57 countries contributed to the report. (Previous State of the Climate reports, issued annually since 1991, can be found here.)Increases in the levels of three key greenhouse gases are likely to be the root of recent warming, scientists suggest. The global average concentration of carbon dioxide reached more than 395 parts per million last year, a 2.8 ppm increase over 2012 levels, according to the new report. Levels of both methane and nitrous oxide (N2O), which on a pound-for-pound basis trap heat more effectively than CO2, rose last year about 0.3%. (Nevertheless, about two-thirds of the atmosphere’s heat-trapping power comes from CO2, which is much more prevalent than the other two gases, the researchers report. Carbon dioxide levels are now in uncharted territory, the scientists say: Ice core records reveal that until the early 20th century, CO2 concentrations hadn’t risen above 300 ppm during the previous 800,000 years.)From pole to pole, few parts of the globe are being spared warm-up. In the Eurasian Arctic, average temperatures last summer ranged between 1°C and 3°C warmer than the average temperatures there from 2007 through 2012. Fairbanks, Alaska, had a record number of days (36) in which the daily high temperature reached 27°C (80°F) or higher. All that warmth is seeping into the ground, too. Permafrost temperatures measured 20 meters below ground at many sites in Alaska reached record highs last year, the scientists report. And 2013’s Arctic sea ice coverage in September, the month it usually falls to its lowest for the year, was 18% below the average coverage for that month from 1981 through 2010. Although not a record low amount, the scientists note that September sea ice coverage is declining almost 14% per decade since satellites started measuring sea ice extent in 1979.At the other end of Earth, 2013’s average annual temperature at the South Pole was –47.4°C (–53.3°F): chilly, yes, but nevertheless a record high since scientists started collecting weather data there in 1957.In between, China, Japan, and South Korea suffered their warmest summer on record, and Australia really suffered: With large swaths of the Land Down Under tallying summertime highs above 45°C (113°F), Australia had its warmest year since record keeping began in 1910.The amount of heat stored in the upper 700 meters of the world’s oceans, which has increased substantially over the past 2 decades, also reached a record level last year. That increased heat content helps boost the strength of typhoons and hurricanes, Karl suggests. In the next couple of months, he notes, NOAA will release a report that discusses how climate change might be related to several episodes of extreme weather last year.