Motor Neurone Disease Association launches VR tour in legacy drive Tagged with: legacy fundraising virtual reality Advertisement 434 total views, 2 views today 435 total views, 3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis22 [youtube height=”450″width=”800″]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c1CSu-i54dw[/youtube] Melanie May | 13 May 2019 | News The Motor Neurone Disease Association is using a virtual reality tour of a laboratory to demonstrate the impact that gifts in Wills have on funding research into motor neurone disease.The charity created the 360-degree film to give people a fully immersive experience as it follows a donated skin sample from arrival at the lab to drug screening for potential new treatments.The charity collaborated with creative agency Flix Films to produce the eight-minute video which was unveiled at an MND Association legacy event. Filming took place at the Sheffield Institute of Translational Neuroscience (SITraN), one of the world’s leading centres for research into MND and home to seven MND Association funded research projects. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis22 Previously the Association has hosted events at the Institute giving donors a behind the scenes glimpse into MND research. The film, introduced by Professor Dame Pam Shaw, director of SITraN, and narrated by researchers, scientists and MND Association staff, will replicate the experience for others further afield.When watched through a virtual reality headset the film gives viewers a full guided tour of the lab, including ‘through the microsope’ images and close ups of the researchers at work.Legacy marketing manager at the charity, Emma Fellows said:“We are delighted that we can bring more people closer to our work with this virtual lab tour. Our legacy events help demonstrate the importance of gifts in wills to MND research but with only a few labs we can visit we are limited on the number of supporters we can invite. Now we can take MND research to more of our supporters around the country and raise awareness of legacies and how they could give future generations hope of a world free from MND.” About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.
It is interesting how the whole project is imagined in Aminess. Namely, local menus of family farms will be present on the menus, and members of the Aminess gourmet team will additionally present the offer of food and drinks to the guests. Croatia in a bottle presents an offer of drinks, from indigenous wine varieties and brandies and spirits to wild and tame ingredients from untouched nature. After the drink, it’s his turn Croatia on a plate, offering flavors of regions where the Mediterranean intertwines with the continent. Olive oils, delicious fish and shellfish, prosciutto and cheese, truffles and national specialties made from local ingredients are just some of the gastronomic trump cards from the menu. The Aminess Maravea Camping Resort also has a bakery that unites the segment Croatia on the shelf. Among products such as golden cereals, honeys of irresistible floral notes, marmalades made from healthy locally harvested fruit and dairy products from cows and sheep grazing on the nearby glades, everything is finally well rounded off with an offer of homemade food from local family farms. Yes, this is how tourism is strategically and sustainably developed, and not to encourage imports through tourism. Tastes of Croatia project The idea came from the project Aminess Gourmet Lab, led by chef David Skoka, who aims to educate young chefs, waiters, bartenders and other members of the Aminess gourmet team. With this concept of promoting Croatian indigenous products, Aminess wants to offer its guests the best gastronomic experience. Guests of Aminess hotels and camps will thus have the opportunity to get acquainted with Croatian gastronomy through three segments of the restaurant offer – Croatia on the bottle, Croatia on the plate and Croatia on the shelf. Travel company Aminess has launched a project called “Tastes of Croatia” with the aim of offering guests of all a la carte and boarding houses restaurants in their hotels and camps a special gastronomic experience with exclusively domestic products of selected regional producers and family farms. Photo: Pexels.com This must be our vision of the bend, ie it should have been set a long time ago. This is exactly how Blue and Green Croatia are connected. Just imagine how much is the daily need of, say, Pula or Split for home-made eggs? And monthly? Here we are talking about the number of over 100 thousand eggs… How many family farms should be included only for the production of eggs for tourism in each city. Not one large company, but thousands of small family farms, which would employ 3-5 employees, stay in rural areas, develop as a supplement to rural tourism (the example of Tuscany). This offer will soon be introduced in other Aminess hotels, and in the summer months the offer will be extended to fresh fruits and vegetables. Aminess has launched the Tastes of Croatia project. Well done to Aminess. A great rounded story, which I hope will only grow in the context of involving more and more local family farms. At the moment, through the morning and evening menu on the buffet tables in the Aminess Maestral hotel, the Tastes of Croatia project includes producers Agro Cluster with products from Vukovar-Srijem County, Histris with homemade Istrian meat delicacies without gluten, soy and lactose, Fishermen’s Cooperative Istria with specialties made from freshly caught fish from the Adriatic Sea, and OPG Orbanić with a family tradition of preparing cheeses and dairy delicacies made from milk from Istrian pastures. Exactly what is the very essence of tourism, because guests want to try something new and different, they want to try authentic gastronomy. And it is through incredible diversity and authenticity that Croatia can and must position itself in this segment. Also, it creates a healthy and sustainable system, stimulates the local economy, and we are based on quality through fresh, home-grown food.
It is a unique opportunity to position both Dubrovnik and our entire tourism on the American market. An opportunity not to be missed. In December, about 400 American travel agents are expected to arrive in Croatia as part of the ASTA Destination EXPO 2020, which will be held in Dubrovnik from December 03rd to 07th. Americans are the second most numerous in Dubrovnik According to the eVisitor tourist check-in and check-out system, not including nautical data, Dubrovnik generated 2019 million arrivals in 1,44 – 13 percent more than in 2018, and 4,4 million overnight stays, which is 6 percent more than the year before. . ASTA is the largest association of travel agents in the world with over 12 travel agents in the United States alone, and they have a major impact on travel trends. ASTA “Destination Expo” is a conference held once a year outside the United States with the aim of promoting the host country, and this year it is Croatia. During the meeting, a fair will be organized, as well as business meetings where it will be possible to directly negotiate deals in the sale of arrangements in the United States. Photo: Pixabay.com The Mayor of Dubrovnik, Mato Franković, emphasized that this is the first time that such a conference has been held in Croatia, and that it is extremely important that it takes place in December. “I certainly expect even better interest and the arrival of American tourists after the ASTA, which is one of our most important markets. With the direct US-Dubrovnik airline we have, we can certainly expect growth in arrivals from the US market in the future. ” Director of HIT Dalmatia, Jurica Glavina presented the working part of the conference, Trade Show, but also B2B, where participants will be able to directly negotiate business and thus increase the number of visits to Croatia, and said that they will work on the strategic goals of Croatian tourism. That this is a great opportunity for Croatia’s positioning on the American market is sufficiently indicated by the fact that after the ASTA Destination Expo in Greece, 60% of tourist growth from the USA was recorded. The official organizers of the event are ASTA and AmCro Travel in partnership with the City of Dubrovnik and the Dubrovnik Tourist Board as sponsors, and partners the Croatian National Tourist Board, the Dubrovnik-Neretva County Tourist Board, HIT Dalmatia and Elite Travel. Robert Duglin, Vice President of ASTA, pointed out that Dubrovnik and Croatia are high on their list, because Croatia offers a lot, from wine, food to history. “During the conference, American agents will learn how to sell Croatia as a destination, and stressed that it is an association with more than twelve thousand members, realizing 83% of sales of all trips in the United States and 60% of trips outside the United States.Duglin pointed out. Miro Drašković, Commercial Director of Elite Travel, emphasized that the American market is the most desirable market and that participants will spend almost two weeks, before and after the conference, on trips throughout Croatia, from Dubrovnik and Konavle to Advent in Zagreb, “truffle hunting” and cheese tasting in Istria. The most numerous tourists in Dubrovnik in 2019 were traditionally British, followed by guests from the USA, Germany, France and Spain. Find out more about the program and registration here
Having run well in the French and Irish Guineas already this season, Gale Force Ten was sent off the 9-2 favourite as he dropped in class and trip. He made what looked a race-winning move two furlongs out when getting a break on the field, but Montiridge quickened up well and just edged in front 100 yards from the line. Gale Force Ten provided Aidan and Joseph O’Brien with their third winner of this year’s Royal Ascot when battling back to beat Montiridge in the Jersey Stakes. To his credit, Gale Force Ten battled back to win by a head, with Godolphin’s Tawhid performing well in third and Garswood in fourth. O’Brien junior said: “He’s very tough, but I was praying someone would come to me as he was being very idle. When he saw the other horse he put his head down. He got a mile very well at the Curragh, that’s why I didn’t want to get too far back. He’s small but he has a big heart.” Aidan O’Brien said: “He fought back well. He’s a hardy horse, a strong horse and loves that fast ground. Joseph said in an ideal world he would not want to be in front as long as that. “He could step up to a mile or go back to six furlongs, which is unusual. Over six furlongs he would not want to be in front as long as that.” Richard Hannon, trainer of Montiridge, said: “He’s a better horse on better ground, it’s quite quick out there. “He’s quite good. There’s a few French races for him. The Prix Jean Prat is only in 10 days, but you never know.” Saeed bin Suroor, trainer of Tawhid, said: “We were worried about the ground – he would prefer it softer – but he handled it and he ran a huge race. There is no target, we’ll find another Group race for him.” Press Association
Whether or not Arsenal will move when the transfer window reopens remains to be seen, but Wenger insists it can only be for the “right player”. He added: “I don’t say I never make a mistake – I certainly made some, sometimes it is because we didn’t sign the right player. “But it is always difficult in the middle of the season. If somebody is doing well somewhere, the clubs do not necessarily want to sell him. They can wait until the end of the season. “Most of the time it is because we didn’t find (him).” Walcott came through the Southampton youth set-up at the same time as Gareth Bale, while Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain, who joined Arsenal in August 2011 for £12million, is another of their products. Current Saints captain Adam Lallana is the latest graduate to receive a senior international cap, of 12 players from the youth system to have featured in the south-coast club’s matchday squad. Wenger feels the importance of such work done with home-grown young players cannot be overrated. “The real question is at what age can you think you have produced a player?” he said. “In the case of Fabregas, he came here at 16, so Barcelona will say ‘We produced Fabregas’ and we can say ‘We produced Fabregas’. “Any player who comes out of Southampton when they are 16, comes out (into the first team) at 20, so they are produced by Southampton. “For me, Walcott has been educated at Southampton. “I consider today that a top, top, top Premier League club produces a player when they take a player at 17 and are bold enough to educate him and play him in the Premier League. “Theo went to the (2006) World Cup without any starts in the Premier League. “He is a combined education from Southampton and Arsenal. That how you can basically call it.” The Gunners resume domestic action on Saturday looking to respond from the 1-0 defeat at Manchester United with victory over third-placed Southampton to stay top of the Barclays Premier League. Walcott is set to face his old club following some two months sidelined by an abdominal problem which needed surgery. Podolski, meanwhile, is on course to be available again by the end of December after being out since August 27 with a hamstring injury. Arsene Wenger believes the return to fitness of England forward Theo Walcott and imminent recovery of Germany international Lukas Podolski means Arsenal are not under extra pressure to buy another striker in January. Wenger feels being boosted by some more attacking options – which also include unsettled Denmark international Nicklas Bendtner and Yaya Sanogo, who should be fit from his back problem in January – eases the urgency to bring in cover for lone frontman Olivier Giroud. Asked if having Walcott and Podolski fit made it less critical to go into the transfer market for a new striker, Wenger said: “Yes, Podolski is not back as well (yet), but he shouldn’t be too far now. “Theo gives us an opportunity to be a mobile striker. If we lose Giroud today we have nobody with body weight up front, apart from Bendtner. “I think Bendtner has the level, but at the moment he doesn’t get enough games – and as well, in his head, is he here or has he planned to go (in January)?” Wenger continued: “Theo gives us qualities that other players haven’t got, it is a different option. “We have a lot of players who like to come to the ball, so to have one or two who go behind and create space in the middle, it gives us options to score.” Arsenal have been linked with a January move for Real Madrid’s France international Karim Benzema. It would not be the first time Wenger had the opportunity to bring in reinforcements aimed at sustaining a long-overdue title challenge through to May. Press Association
Pacquiao to return April 9 against Bradley LAS VEGAS (AP): Manny Pacquiao will return to the ring April 9 for the first time since losing to Floyd Mayweather Jr., and it will be against a familiar foe. Promoter Bob Arum said Wednesday that Pacquiao will fight Timothy Bradley at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas for a third time in his first bout since losing a decision to Mayweather in the richest fight ever. Pacquiao re-injured a shoulder in that fight and was ineffective against Mayweather in dropping the unanimous decision. Technically, the fight with Bradley will be the rubber match of their three-fight series. However, most in boxing believe Pacquiao won the first fight in 2012 easily – the judges gave it to Bradley – and was largely dominant in the rematch, which he won by decision. Top rank spokesman Lee Samuels said the pay-per-view fight has not officially been signed, but that both fighters had agreed to terms and would be signing soon. Pacquiao was given a $2 million advance on his guaranteed $20 million purse, Samuels said. Messi scores in 500th game for Barca BARCELONA, Spain (AP): Lionel Messi scored in his 500th match for Barcelona to help them ease past Real Betis 4-0 on Wednesday and ensure they kept the lead of the Spanish league to conclude a superb year for the Catalan club. Barcelona broke a run of consecutive draws in the league to cap one of their best years in club history. Before kick-off Andres Iniesta paraded the recently won Club World Cup trophy, their fifth title won in 2015. The four goals scored took the year’s tally to 180, bettering Madrid’s milestone of 178 from 2014. “It was a spectacular year, and we wanted to finish it in the same way,” Messi said. “It will be complicated to better this, but like always we will try to do so.” Messi recovered from a hard knock with Antonio Adan that was ruled a penalty against the Betis goalkeeper, by scoring Barcelona’s second goal, after an own goal put the Catalan side on its way. CAS rejects appeal from Musa Bility LAUSANNE, Switzerland (AP): The Court of Arbitration for Sport has dismissed Musa Bility’s appeal to overturn his exclusion from the FIFA presidential election. Bility, who is from Liberia, failed to make the field after failing an integrity check. FIFA’s election monitoring panel ruled the Liberian football federation president ineligible last month. No reason was publicly given, but Bility said a previous criminal allegation against him was dismissed by a Liberian court. CAS says it will release the grounds for its decision early this year. FIFA has approved five candidates for the election to be held on February 26. Michel Platini, who has been handed an eight-year ban but still hopes to run for FIFA presidency, is also expected to appeal to CAS. Monfils out of Hopman Cup with leg injury PERTH, Australia (AP): Gael Monfils has withdrawn from the Hopman Cup mixed team event due to an unspecified leg injury and will be replaced by French compatriot Kenny de Schepper. It was not clear whether the injury would prevent the 24th-ranked Monfils from competing in the Australian Open beginning January 18 in Melbourne. Hopman Cup tournament director Paul Kilderry said yesterday “it’s unfortunate to hear Gael is unable to play in Perth … we wish him well over the next couple of weeks ahead of the Aussie Open.” De Schepper and his partner Caroline Garcia play their first match Monday against the Britain team of Andy Murray and Heather Watson. Serena Williams and Jack Sock open for the United States, also on Monday, against Elina Svitolina and Alexandr Dolgopolov of Ukraine.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The American Soybean Association (ASA) welcomes news of the European Parliament’s overwhelming rejection of a proposal that would allow individual European Union (EU) member states to opt-out of importing and using foods containing biotechnology for non-scientific reasons. The body voted 619-58 to approve a committee report recommending opposition to the controversial “opt-out” proposal.“This is a much-needed action today by the European Parliament. ASA has repeatedly called on the EU to make science-based decisions on the issue of biotechnology, and we are very happy to see the Europeans do so this morning. One of the unifying principles of the EU is to provide a single market, both within Europe and as a partner in in global commerce. Enabling each of its 28 member states to go rogue on GMO acceptance, based on societal or political concerns, is hardly a unifying strategy for success,” said Wade Cowan, ASA president. “Soybean farmers welcome today’s news as we look to expand our European markets for animal feed, edible oils, biodiesel and biobased products. Europe is a top-five market for American soybeans, and we looking forward to further expanding our trade relationship. Moving forward, the Commission has been directed by the EU Parliament to come up with a new proposal. However, in our view, it would be more appropriate for the EU to use its own existing procedures to approve new biotech products rather than trying to come up with another approach. The Commission just needs to do its job by following its own regulations and procedures.”
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Chris ClaytonDTN Ag Policy EditorOMAHA (DTN) — Japan will lower or eliminate tariffs on roughly half of all U.S. agricultural and food exports to Japan, according to a deal signed Wednesday by President Donald Trump. This deal provides the U.S. with parity to what other countries received in the Trans Pacific Partnership.The Trump administration said the agreement would lower or eliminate tariffs into Japan’s markets for about $7 billion in agricultural products.“Japanese tariffs will now be significantly lower or eliminated completely on beef, pork, wheat, cheese, corn, wine and so much more,” President Trump said at a signing ceremony in New York with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.The trade agreement would mean “Really big dollars for our farmers and for our ranchers,” Trump said.The U.S. Grains Council stated the trade deal would “solidify our longstanding partnership for the future and create a platform for growth into new sales and new sectors, including the potential for sales of U.S. ethanol.”Currently, the U.S. exports about $14 billion in agricultural and food products to Japan, of which about $5.2 billion are already duty free, according to the U.S. Trade Representative’s Office. Under the deal, Japan will reduce or eliminate tariffs on another $7.2 billion in agricultural or food products.Once the agreement is implemented by Japan, U.S. farmers and ranchers will have a level playing field selling into Japan, such as other countries that joined the Trans Pacific Partnership have. The National Pork Producers Council cited Iowa State University economist Dermot Hayes projecting that pork sales would increase from about $1.6 billion annually to $2.2 billion over the next 15 years due to lower duties.Under the agreement, more than 90% of U.S. agricultural products and food exported to Japan will be either duty free or have lower tariff barriers. A fact sheet from the White House stated the deal would immediately eliminate tariffs for almonds, blueberries, broccoli, cranberries, grain sorghum, sweet corn, walnuts and other products.Fresh and frozen beef and pork will see lower tariffs as well. Japan will have some “safeguards” in place to avoid surges of imports of beef, pork and certain other products. Reuters noted Japan would provide lower tariffs on about 240,000 metric tons of beef, or about 90% of what the U.S. exports to Japan. U.S. beef producers were seeking to lower the tariff from 38.5% down to 9% to match what competitors such as Canada and Australia pay exporting to Japan.Wheat and wheat products will receive a specific quota for lower tariff rates.Some products will see tariffs reduced or eliminated in stages, such as cheeses, processed pork, beef offal, ethanol, wine, frozen potatoes, oranges, fresh cherries, egg products and tomato paste.In return, Japan will also see lower tariffs or elimination of tariffs for more than 40 agricultural products, including perennial plants and flowers, teas and soy sauces. The U.S. will also lower or reduce tariffs on industrial products such as certain machines, steam turbines, bicycles and parts, and musical instruments.The U.S. and Japan also have reached a separate agreement on some issues with digital trade such as music, videos, e-books, software and games. The plan is expected to open up “barrier-free cross-border data transfers in all sectors” of the economy. The White House noted, “The digital trade agreement with Japan meets the gold standard on digital trade rules set by the USMCA and will expand trade in an area where the United States is a leader.”The U.S. Chamber of Commerce called the announcement a “partial U.S.-Japan trade deal” that would help farmers and ranchers, as well as the digital economy. But Myron Brilliant, executive vice president and head of international affairs for the Chamber, said the trade deal doesn’t go far enough. The Chamber called for a more comprehensive agreement dealing with issues such as intellectual property protection and regulatory barriers.“A comprehensive trade deal with Japan would provide some much needed predictability — not only for the U.S. and Japan but for all our trade allies. Now is the moment for our countries to work together to restore stability to the rules-based global trading system,” Brilliant said.Chris Clayton can be reached at [email protected] him on Twitter @ChrisClaytonDTN(CZ)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.
In early February 2017, the GBA web site developed a new glitch: our site stopped displaying reader’s names properly when they posted questions or comments on the site.Instead of displaying “Elizabeth Stanton” or “Pablo Picasso,” the GBA web site started identifying new GBA readers as “N/A N/A” or “User-43289.” More recently, the site has begun registering new users with aliases like “YellowFrog” or “RedSoxFan.”For the past eight years, GBA has a proud tradition of encouraging readers to use their real names. My name is really Martin Holladay, and commenters like John Straube, William Rose, and Kohta Ueno also use their real names. (Thanks, by the way, to all our faithful readers.)The current situation is awkward. It’s hard to know how to address answers to questions from people named N/A N/A. I like to use names. It’s also a good idea to have a way to tell readers apart. Thanks to all our faithful readersI don’t like navigating computer menus, but these steps aren’t too hard. I hope our readers will consider this request. It will improve the level of communication on our site. Thanks. How to change your screen nameI’m hereby encouraging GBA readers with goofy screen names to update their profiles so that their real names appear on screen. You will be performing a service that benefits our community. Just follow these steps.(1) Log in to the site. You can tell if you have logged in by looking for the phrase “Welcome, [name]” in the upper right corner of every GBA web page.(2) Click on your screen name in the phrase at the upper right corner of the screen (“Welcome, [name]”). This should bring you to a page called “My Account.” (If you don’t see any name after the word “Welcome” in the upper right corner of a GBA web page, you might want to try an alternative approach: Click on the screen name that shows up under one of your posted comments. The format for this type of screen name is usually something like “User-6543210.” This should bring you to your “My Account” page.)(3) Scroll down the page until you see these words in a yellowish green font: “Update Profile.” Click those words.(4) You’ll come to a new page that asks you to sign in again. Just click the box labeled “Log In.”(5) You’ll come to a new page. This time, the words you are looking for are in blue font. Click “Update Profile.”(6) You’ve reached the “Update Profile” page. Change whatever appears in the box labeled “Screenname.” We hope that you will change whatever is there to your real name. (Spaces are allowed, but there is a 20-character limit. So if your name is Alexander Stephanopoulos, you will have to shorten your name to Alex Stephanopoulos.) Then click “Submit.”
By Nathaniel Powers and Justin Moorepixabay [child-1311854_1280 by smengelsrud, April 12, 2016]Back in 2003, I knew a certain mother of two. She was a friend of my roommate, and she would come over on weekends for drinks and such. Initially, I thought nothing of her visits. She was college educated, worked part-time, and I’d usually see her with her children at the grocery when she wasn’t at our place. Over time, however, something began to dig at me. She came over more frequently, and stayed longer, to the point where she was with us at least once a week and would stay the night. I didn’t ask at first, but found out eventually that her ten-year-old was at home taking care of her six-year-old. As a single parent, her courtship was removing her from her children in a way that our western mindset and laws does not abide by. Here was a seemingly responsible woman ‘abandoning’ her children to fulfill her need for connection. While the rhetoric of neglect was not established in my mind at the time, I knew she lived in a risky neighborhood. I knew, also, that there were no caretakers at home with her kids. I had a multitude of questions about her decisions that went unanswered: Were her children feeding themselves? Did they have any fire safety knowledge? Were they using the stove? Were they playing outside after dark? She eventually realized the danger she was putting herself in, and that the ramifications of staying out overnight with no guardians could land her in some deep water. She stopped staying over at night, and eventually stopped coming over much at all. My roommate had something to do with this, I’m sure.In the end, all was well. She was never violent with her kids to my knowledge, and openly doted on them in public. Of course, the risk of accidents or worse things due to neglect was surely there, and fortunately, to my knowledge, no long term damage was done, perhaps because, to my knowledge there was no substance abuse issues. This may be considered only a minor incident, but a clear real life example of what our culture may define as neglect nonetheless. Unlike my friend and her situation, other families may not realize the wrongs they are committing, or perhaps, if they do realize, lack the awareness or desire it takes to change. Research demonstrates that child neglect and parental substance abuse go hand in hand . The following will be an exploration of this relationship.Merriam-Webster Online describes neglect as “failing to take care of or to give attention to someone or something” . In my friend’s case, her children were the victims of their mother’s absence. One may consider them fortunate that seemingly no ill effects became of her absence; however, some cycles of neglect can never be rectified and may result in far more dire outcomes. What makes issues of parental substance abuse and neglect so important to service professionals is not only the prevalence of such occasions, but the variability of these occasions. Families are living entities, and each has nuances that differ from the next. Having a solid hold on how to approach each one individually is essential to addressing the core issues of neglect and parental substance abuse. In addition to substance abuse, the greatest parental contributors to childhood neglect are teen parenting and personal features . ‘Personal features’ here refers to issues that parents may be individually having difficulty coping with, such as depression, disability, overworking, or other conditions that translate into neglect in the home. Other causes of neglect are ‘child factors’, ‘family factors’, and ‘community and environmental factors’ . Child factors are childhood disabilities that require extended care. Family factors may include such things as single-parent households (as in the case of my acquaintance) or violent relationships between parents. Community/Environmental factors may include neighborhoods that are simply bad for anyone, or conditions of abject poverty, in which maintaining self-care and subsequent family-care are made exponentially more difficult due to low wages and poor resources.A certain Princeton study, detailed that “children who have been abused and neglected are more likely to perform poorly in school and to commit crimes against other persons . These abused/neglected children more often experience emotional problems, depression, suicidal thoughts, sexual problems, and alcohol/substance abuse” . This is to say that abuse and neglect, which can be a direct result of parental substance abuse as will be discussed later, may affect the child or children on many levels. English found that “between 50% and 80% of families involved with child protective services are dealing with a substance-abuse problem . When we combine the above factors in a poverty setting, “unrealistic expectations, depression, isolation, substance abuse, and domestic violence … increase the likelihood of maltreatment” . What We’ve LearnedThe overall landscape of childhood abuse and neglect in regards to parental/caregiver substance abuse goes deeper than a parent who simply has a problem of using. Cultural, economic, and environmental factors all contribute to the issue at hand. Alcohol and substance use alone does not beget violence in the home, but it can accentuate stressful situations and reduce inhibitions that may otherwise be employed in the prevention of physical or emotional violence and/or abuse. To view the incidence of childhood trauma as solely generated from a drug or alcohol is dangerously myopic. Treating such issues cannot be done by way of any one-shot regimented treatment, but should be done on a case-by-case basis. We feel it important to note that, “Family and friends influence the decisions of persons with substance abuse problems to get help, complete treatment, and maintain sobriety” , therefore it would be beneficial for service professionals to pay close attention to a drug abusing individual’s social support system. We have to remember as well that the great majority of parents with problems do want to be good parents to their children. Focusing on the parent’s social support system by the service professional may go a long way in changing the way the parent deals with stressful situations, and possibly rids ‘abusing the child’ as an option of coping.Parents who abuse or neglect their children may in fact desire to be good parents, but the fact still remains that abuse and neglect have consequences – not just for the child, but also the parent. Abusing the child may lead to the parent being depressed over the idea that they are “bad parents”. This depression may lead the abusing parent or parents to feel helpless to change. Children who have experiences of violence or neglect and exposure to parental substance abuse at a young age, while not guaranteeing proliferation of those behaviors throughout the lifespan, nevertheless “compromises the development of some but not all children” . Individual resilience on the part of some children can play a significant role in long-term development, and whether or not kids take the bruises of their childhoods with them into adulthood. In other words, ‘tougher’ kids make it out with fewer lasting scars. But not everybody can be tough, and sometimes toughness is a mask for something deeper that has only been successfully hidden. Predicting the FutureWhile no one can say exactly what to expect when we’re addressing neglect and substance abuse in the home, we can say certainly that all scenarios are unique. A linear attempt at solving the issue via drug arrests or short-term therapy programs is likely to fail. There is a deeper cultural undercurrent that is keeping the flow of destabilization alive and it is this undercurrent that must be treated. In seeing the problem as such, we would do best to interpret that, while therapy for individual cases is essential to fixing the problem, it is by no means the only way out. In conjunction with therapy, preventative practices would play handily toward recovering individuals and communities affected by substance abuse related neglect and violence. Preventative practices, in this case, may be things such as a child never using drugs to begin with, or perhaps politicians lowering the penalty for petty drug crimes, or encouraging communal activities that bridge interpersonal connections between community members. That is to say, there are many different possible preventative possibilities that range from the individual level, to the community level, to the societal level. There are, of course, deeper issues such as ‘the economy’ that have a heavy hand in the cases of poverty and stress-related violence. The long and short is that each scenario is its own landscape of emotions, reasons, and origins, and each will have a different solution in the end.Poetry is life in sound and pattern, and we felt that a poem would convey not only a story, but an image of pattern between single households and the greater human community. Each experience is different, and we hope the poem Let Yourself In encapsulates that difference in some way. In addition, if further interest is generated by this blog, two excellent resources for this subject are www.childwelfare.gov and the more personal discussions of domestic violence and abuse at https://www.reddit.com/r/domesticviolence/. References English, E. (1998). The extent and consequences of child maltreatment. Future Of Children, 8(1), 39-53. Gregoire, K., & Schultz, D. (2001). Substance-abusing child welfare parents: treatment and child placement outcomes. Child Welfare, 80(4), 433-452 20p. Margolin, G. B. (2004). Children’s exposure to violence in the family and community. Current Directions In Psychological Science (Wiley-Blackwell), 13(4), 152-155. Neglect [Def. 1&2]. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster Online. In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/neglect/ Phillips, S. D., Gleeson, J. P., & Waites-Garrett, M. (2009). Substance-Abusing Parents in the Criminal Justice System: Does Substance Abuse Treatment Improve Their Children’s Outcomes?. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 48(2), 120-138. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.childwelfare.gov/This post was written by Nathaniel Powers and Justin Moore, guest bloggers for the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Nathaniel and Justin are masters-level marriage and family therapist (MFT) in training enrolled in the Marriage and Family Therapy Department at Valdosta State University.