The gifts of immigration

first_imgNearly one of every four Americans — 70 million — is an immigrant or is the child of parents from elsewhere. In Los Angeles, one of every three residents is foreign-born.The vast majority of U.S. immigration has been nonwhite since 1965, a trend that won’t change anytime soon. So two Harvard researchers asked themselves: What can the past teach us about absorbing today’s immigrants — especially children — in a way that benefits them, and society?“If they succeed, that is a social good of the first order,” said sociologist Gerhard Sonnert of the young immigrants in the 21st century. “If they do not succeed, it would be bad for America.”As in the past, immigrants often come to the United States propelled by tragedy. Helping them to prosper is both a practical and a moral imperative, said physicist Gerald Holton.Holton is the Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics and Professor of the History of Science Emeritus. Sonnert, a sociologist of science, is a research associate at the Harvard College Observatory and an associate in the Physics Department.The two are champions of practicing science that aims at the social good, a realm they call “Jeffersonian research.” It occupies a scholarly middle ground between the basic research of Isaac Newton and the applied research of Francis Bacon. One approach offers grand ideas, and the other favors applied technology. Holton and Sonnert propose there is a better way to use basic research for the social good.They wrote two previous books on gender inequality in science. Their two recent volumes focus on the social need to grapple with the facts of immigration.Holton called modernity’s global flood of immigrants and refugees “an unnatural disaster” for humanity, and the two refer to it as “one of the darkest facts of our time.”Their first volume on immigration, “What Happened to the Children Who Fled Nazi Persecution” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), studied a similar unnatural disaster: the flight to the United States of 30,000 mostly Jewish children from Nazi-dominated Central Europe in the 1930s and 1940s.It was what Holton and Sonnert call the “second wave” of immigration related to the war. The “first wave” brought in the accomplished adults forced out of Europe, an act of cultural “self-decapitation” by the Germans, the Harvard researchers wrote. Among the escapees were hundreds of luminaries, including Hannah Arendt, Hans Bethe, Albert Einstein, and Walter Gropius.The second wave, all children, generally turned into American adults who brought extraordinary benefits to their adopted land. After five years of research, including more than 1,500 detailed questionnaires and 100 in-depth interviews, Holton and Sonnert found, for instance, that second-wave youngsters had a 15 times greater chance of appearing in “Who’s Who” compared with their American-born peers. In adulthood, the same children made on average twice as much money, graduated from college at a three-times-higher rate, and were far more likely to enter high-end professions. Among the second-wave were five Nobel Prize winners.With opportunities found and used in their new country, these immigrant children — despised flotsam to the Nazis — went on to write “an astonishing and a glorious chapter for America,” said Holton.With this “glorious chapter” in mind, Holton and Sonnert wondered: Could the same advantages to the United States occur with immigrants today?With help from the Russell Sage Foundation and an anonymous donor, they held a preparatory conference in 2006, from which emerged 20 essays by scholars and practitioners of immigration aid. The essays were collected in “Helping Young Refugees and Immigrants Succeed” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), co-edited by Holton and Sonnert.Many aid organizations help immigrants, and scholars of the field continue a century’s work of studying that. But despite common interests, the practitioners of aid and the academics remain “separate cultures,” said Holton. He called the book an attempt “to bring [them] together fruitfully.”The essays (including one of their own) touch on lessons from the past, on the primacy of education, on the work of aid organizations, and on research regarding present-day young immigrants.The stakes are high. Having a rising fraction of young immigrants in the U.S. population makes it a social imperative to provide them with the help they need. Most young immigrants arrive without the cultural capital of their counterparts from Central Europe decades ago. (That kind of capital, said Sonnert, was readily transferable to the Kultur-admiring segments in America.) But the immigrants bring some of the same qualities of spirit to their new country, including pluck, psychological toughness, and the creativity that comes with having to grow up fast under adverse circumstances.Many young immigrants have faced extreme poverty, danger, and chaotic internment camps, said Holton. They often emerge from these hardships as “instant adults,” he said, just as the children of the second wave did. Young immigrants today also bring something else. It’s what Holton and Sonnert called in their second-wave study “distinctiveness advantage,” the ability of new citizens to retain helpful strengths from their homeland cultures.It’s a form of creative resistance to the traditional expectation of linear assimilation — the “melting pot” ideal — and is investigated in the book by essayist and immigration scholar Mary C. Waters, Harvard’s M.E. Zukerman Professor of Sociology. These “second-generation advantages,” she wrote, also include exceptional parents and a supportive U.S. civil rights climate.In sum, these young immigrants bring their own cultural capital, facility in another language, perhaps, or a musical heritage, or a deep-seated admiration for education. Said an admiring Holton, “They don’t come just with a suitcase.”last_img read more

Bringing parents home

first_imgMore than 1,300 juniors and seniors spent this past weekend providing their parents with an intimate look into their lives and experiences at Notre Dame at Junior Parents Weekend (JPW). Junior Parents Weekend allows students to both celebrate with their friends and give their parents inside access to their academic, social and professional activities. “[My parents] live down the road from Notre Dame, so I see them enough and they know campus very well,” junior Grace Hatfield said. “But showing them the lab I am a research assistant at, introducing them to my favorite professors and just hanging out where I love and study were things I’ve never been able to do before.” Hatfield and the other JPW participants began the weekend’s events with an Opening Gala held Friday night in the Purcell Pavilion at the Joyce Athletic and Convocation Center and Joyce Center Fieldhouse. Saturday’s events included collegiate workshops for the individual colleges and luncheons in each residence hall. University president Fr. John Jenkins celebrated JPW Mass on Saturday night and the evening was capped off by the President’s Dinner. The Mass and Dinner represented the highlight of the weekend for junior Pat Laskowski. “It made my parents and I feel … important,” he said. “We got all dressed up, experienced a grand celebration of the Mass, enjoyed delicious food and heard Fr. Jenkins speak about the significance of the weekend.” The weekend concluded Sunday morning with the Closing Brunch in the Joyce Center Fieldhouse. JPW junior co-chair Elizabeth Owers said the weekend’s events went smoothly. “There were no major mishaps, everything went off without a hitch and, most importantly, the students and their parents all seemed to have a great time,” she said. “Given that so many students are abroad, we are very pleased with the turnout.” The weekend was challenging to plan, Owers said, but well worth the time and effort to provide parents with an idea of what their sons’ and daughters’ everyday lives are like. “It is structured so that our parents can see our dorms and classrooms, meet our professors and most importantly meet the people we’re sharing our experience with,” she said. “At this point in our college careers, we’ve established ourselves pretty well academically and socially, so we can give our parents a good idea of what we love about Notre Dame and why we call this place home.” Junior co-chair Melissa Hallihan said the JPW Executive Committee and advisors were instrumental in the planning process. “It’s been such an amazing opportunity as I got to meet many of my fellow juniors, communicated with parents and University staff and got an inside look into all the work that goes into planning events here at Notre Dame,” she said. For some students, JPW was not an opportunity to meet their fellow juniors, but a chance to take advantage of an opportunity they previously had missed out on. The University invites seniors who missed JPW while they were abroad to participate in the events during the following year. Senior Colleen Heberlein was abroad in London last spring, but said her parents still wanted to visit her on a weekend that was not occupied entirely by football. “It seemed like the perfect opportunity for my parents to visit before the craziness of graduation,” she said. “Also, my parents heard great things about JPW from parents of my older friends and did not want to miss out on the experience.” Heberlein signed up for JPW with one other senior and met up with others at the events. Despite being in the minority, she said she felt very included at the three major events. “I did feel a little out of place and old at first, but I sat with senior friends at the events which helped,” she said. “It was obviously geared toward the Class of 2014, as it should be, but we never felt left out.” Although she enjoyed her experience at JPW, Heberlein said she and fellow seniors wondered why the University doesn’t hold a parent’s weekend sophomore year when far fewer students are studying abroad. “I wish my friends and I had been able to experience it together last year, but my parents were still able to meet a few of my friends and we had a great time,” she said.last_img read more

After Keystone, a Reluctance to Finance Pipelines

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Zahra Hirji for InsideClimate News:Six months after the Obama administration rejected the Keystone XL pipeline, at least 20 other proposed energy projects—mines, pipelines, plants, related rail projects and export terminals—have been canceled, rejected or delayed, according to research compiled and mapped by InsideClimate News.Sustained grassroots resistance and public opposition have played a major role in at least some of these decisions; other influential factors include unfavorable economic conditions such as low oil prices, as well as governments’ environmental concerns and project siting issues.Proposed in 2008, the Keystone XL was slated to transport Canadian oil sands crude to Gulf Coast refineries. Federal regulators rejected the upper leg of the project, which ended in Nebraska, for its potential climate impact and minimal economic benefits—and activists hailed the decision as a victory for their years of action against the project.Since then, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission rejected two project applications—for the Oregon-based Jordan Cove LNG project and Pacific Connector Pipeline—and delayed the decisions on two other facilities. For five of the projects, the bids or key permits were rejected by either a federal panel or state or local officials. Companies chose to cancel five other projects, including Arch Coal’s abandoning its planned Otter Creek coal mine in Montana and Kinder Morgan’s pulling the plug on its Northeast Energy Direct pipeline. The remaining facilities are delayed.According to Tom Sanzillo, director of finance for the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA), what’s driving the coal decisions is straightforward: No one is willing to financially support these projects anymore.So far this year, the nation’s two top coal companies, Peabody Coal and Arch Coal, announced bankruptcy. “The bankruptcies have just rocked the industry,” said Sanzillo, who cited a roster of investors who are “walking away” from coal: bankers, equity markets, venture capitalists and hedge funds.For the oil and gas industries, it’s more complicated. According to Sanzillo, “there should be a concern that the utilities are building too many pipelines and the [regulators] should be concerned about how consumers pay for it.” Sanzillo co-authored a recent report detailing the risks of overbuilding pipelines in Appalachia.Full article: Wave of Fossil Fuel Project Cancellations Follow Keystone XL Rejection After Keystone, a Reluctance to Finance Pipelineslast_img read more

US, Colombian Armies Conclude Annual Staff Talks

first_imgBy Dialogo March 29, 2012 United States Army South and the Colombian Army concluded their third annual bilateral staff talks in Bogotá on March 22, and agreed to conduct 19 activities over the next 12 months. Army South, as the U.S. Army’s executive agent, conducts the bilateral talks with Colombia annually as a strategic forum to guide the armies’ interaction for the upcoming year. The agreed-to activities for 2012 include exchanges on humanitarian and disaster relief operations, and Colombian army participation in U.S. Southern Command sponsored exercises. Some activities may extend into 2013. “I think we have developed a robust plan for engagement and training opportunities with the Colombian army for the next year or so,” said Maj. Gen. Simeon G. Trombitas, commanding general of Army South and head of the U.S. delegation. “We are exploiting the expertise and capacity of both armies and I know we will both benefit from working together through the agreed to activities.” Through the staff talks the U.S. and Colombian armies formalize their cooperation and relationship ensuring that both grow and endure. “This third bilateral meeting was very important,” said Maj. Gen. Manuel Guzman, deputy commander and chief of staff of the Colombian Army. “Everyday our army becomes more professional and we have important work to do in 2012 such as building four joint task forces and revising our plans.” According to Guzman, the training and engagement opportunities agreed to in the talks will help the Colombian army to address current challenges as well as reach future goals. He credits the Colombian army’s current high level of professionalism, in part, to the years of training and advice from the U.S. Army. The relationship between the armies is more than just a professional military one, said Guzman. It is a relationship between friends and colleagues. “We are stronger because of that (relationship),” Guzman said. Prior to the final meeting in Bogotá, working groups with representatives from both armies developed proposed activities that were then approved during this week’s talks. “Our working groups met in person and through VTC before this executive meeting so that we could present a validated list of activities to the key leaders of the armies,” said Col. Jim K. Rose, Army South security cooperation division chief. “Working with our Colombian army counterparts has been outstanding throughout the whole process. Because we have such a strong and close relationship, we work very well together.” In addition to finalizing the agreed to activities for 2012, various subject matter experts presented briefings on subjects of interest to both delegations. The U.S. provided briefings on operational law, countering improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and development of the non-commissioned officer corps in the U.S. Army. The Colombian Army briefed on the Army’s operational plan for the next 24-48 months, Army modernization and transformation, and the role and function of the Army’s command sergeant major. This is the third round of staff talks conducted by Army South with the Colombian army. On behalf of the U.S. Army, Army South also conducts staff talks with El Salvador, Chile and Brazil. These staff talks were agreed to by the four countries through the diplomatic process and serve to enhance regional stability and security.last_img read more

Lawmakers discuss need for federal data security laws

first_img ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Sen. Thom Tillis, R-N.C., emphasized the need for a federal law that addresses data breach, data privacy and ownership issues during a Senate Banking Committee hearing Thursday. Ahead of the hearing on data privacy rights and data valuation, NAFCU Vice President of Legislative Affairs Brad Thaler urged the committee to consider a national standard for institutions that collect and store consumer information.Thaler also shared NAFCU’s belief that “there is a need for a uniform national consumer data privacy standard as opposed to a patchwork of standards stemming from different state data privacy laws,” and recommended that lawmakers  work collaboratively with other committees and task forces in the Senate to draft legislation that can advance and receive bipartisan support.During the hearing, Tillis discussed the potential for the United States to develop an international standard, and a number of other lawmakers asked questions related to the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).The substantive requirements of the GDPR, how they differ from existing U.S. mandates, and what credit unions are doing about it were outlined in an edition of the NAFCU Compliance Monitor published last summer. continue reading »last_img read more

Bundesliga: Can urges Dortmund to ‘win dirty’ after Leverkusen collapse

first_img Read Also: Serie A: Ronaldo nets as Verona stun Juventus in late comeback Dortmund head coach Lucien Favre could not hide his frustration. The Swiss broke off a post-match TV interview when asked about the table situation, “stop taking about it”. Leverkusen coach Peter Bosz enjoyed some sweet revenge over his former club having been sacked by Dortmund after just six months in charge in 2017. “I just told the boys they did really well and never gave up,” said the Dutchman, who recently signed a contract extension until June 2022. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Dortmund will finish the weekend six points behind Bayern Munich if the champions beat second-placed RB Leipzig at home on Sunday. “That hurts,” said Dortmund’s sporting director Michael Zorc. “It’s very disappointing because we played well until the 80th minute. “We’re conceding too many goals, we’re not in a better position (in the league) and we have these (defensive) problems.” Norwegian forward Erling Braut Haaland, 19, drew a blank for the first time for Dortmund after scoring eight goals in his first four games. “When we take the lead, we have to be a little dirtier,” said the midfielder, who joined last month from Juventus. “That’s something the team has to learn, defensively we all have to be better together. “It was definitely a setback, but anything can still happen.” Dortmund were 3-2 up going into the final 10 minutes thanks to goals by Mats Hummels, Can and Raphael Guerreiro. However after Kevin Volland netted two first-half goals for Leverkusen, substitute Leon Bailey swept home to make it 3-3 on 81 minutes before playing a part in Lars Bender’s headed winner. There was just 82 seconds between Leverkusen’s final two goals as the Dortmund defence was caught napping. It was the first time new striker Erling Braut Haaland had failed to score for his new club after hitting eight goals in his first four games, and the teenage sensation cut a dejected figure as he trudged off. Promoted Content10 Extremely Dirty Seas In The World7 Theories About The Death Of Our Universe10 Risky Jobs Some Women DoWhat Is A Black Hole In Simple Terms?Birds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemPlus-Size Girls Who Set The Catwalk On Fire7 Universities Where Getting An Education Costs A Hefty Penny9 Celebrities Who Look Older Than They Really Are7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend BetterYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of Anime6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A DroneThe 10 Best Secondary Education Systems In The World Loading… Emre Can says his new Borussia Dortmund teammates must learn to “win dirty” after leaking two late goals to lose 4-3 at Bayer Leverkusen on Saturday and lose ground in the Bundesliga title race. Can, who marked his first start for Dortmund with a stunning long-range goal, said they only had themselves to blame after conceding twice in the dying stages to stay third, three points behind leaders Bayern Munich. Dortmund midfielder Emre Can (second from right) can not hide his frustration at the 4-3 defeat by Leverkusen on Saturday.last_img read more

Bulldogs Golfers Post Wins Over Knights

first_imgThe Batesville Bulldogs Golf Teams were victorious against The South Dearborn Knights at The Hillcrest Golf & Country Club.Varsity Team Scores.Batesville 175    South Dearborn 243.Individual Scoring for Batesville.Jake Flaspohler 43; Ryan Harmeyer 43; Ross Harmeyer 44; Tristian Lamppert 45; Keegan Straub 45; and Billy Carroll 47.Medalist: Jake Flaspohler & Ryan Harmeyer (43)JV Results.Batesville 118     South Dearborn 124.Batesville Scoring.Christian Weberding 57 and Cole Mobley 61.Courtesy of Bulldogs Coach Ben Siefert.last_img

December 31, 2017 Police Blotter

first_imgDecember 31, 2017 Police Blotter123117 Batesville Police Blotter123117 Decatur Coiunty EMS Report123117 Decatur County Fire Report123117 Decatur County Jail Report123117 Decatur County Law Reportlast_img

Lady Pirates Come Up Short Against Lady Wildcats

first_imgLady Pirates fall to Franklin County 2-0.Again Greensburg could not find the back of the goal. Freshman Natalie Kalinoski led the team in shooting with four shots but that was no match to Wildcat’s 22 goal attempts. Keep Ella Lowe managed to keep the game a competition with help from Alaina Nobbe who had two non-keeper saves. While the Lady Pirates passing game showed some improvement from their last match it was not enough. This brings the Lady Pirates’ record to 1-7-3. The travel to Lawensburg Saturday (9/28) for a 3 p.m. game time.Courtesy of Pirates Coach Ryan Morlan.last_img

Rodgers demands focus

first_imgLiverpool manager Brendan Rodgers believes the future of striker Luis Suarez will take care of itself as long as the focus remains on football. Managing director Ian Ayre flew to Barcelona this week to open preliminary talks about an improved contract for the Uruguay international, who has two and a half years remaining on his current deal. Suarez wants to play in the Champions League and with the Reds in second place in the table they are in a good position to deliver that this season. “I think it is part of nature that you mature and the ban hit him really hard last time,” he added. “He is a player every manager in the world would want in his team for his determination and quality. “But I’ve got to know him as a human being and I know a lot of things written and said about him couldn’t be further from the truth. “He is a really humble man, he just has this unique desire to win games and we see that week in, week out. “If you judge him on his football he is up there with the world’s best. “As a human being he’s had his difficult moments and we’ve had our difficult moments with him, but he is a great guy and is really coming to the fore in this period.” Suarez captained the side in Sunday’s 5-0 win at Tottenham in the absence of the injured Steven Gerrard and Rodgers believes that is a reflection of his standing within the squad. “I think it is maturity. He has really felt the love of the supporters because after the 10-game ban he found it difficult to cope,” he said. “He is a man who plays football for the love of the game and we see that every week. He is maturing, accepting the role and responsibility I’ve given him here. “He is not only a top player, he is one of the pillars of the group. We are a young side with an average age (that is) probably the lowest for a number of years and he has taken on that mantle in order to help and support those young players while having that x-factor to his game. “I just think he is in a good place, his family is in a good place and long may it continue.” Which is why Rodgers wants the emphasis to remain on the pitch ahead of a tough festive schedule which includes trips to top-four rivals Manchester City and Chelsea. “There is nothing to report on that,” he said when asked about Suarez’s contract. “Contractually, with any players, it is private so at the minute he is just focusing on his football. “We are just very much focused on our performance level, improving and improving players, and I think that will all take care of itself. I don’t think there is any rush at this moment in time. “Of course he is a player we want to keep here and build the team around in the coming years.” Suarez is the Barclays Premier League’s leading scorer with 17 this season, which is even more remarkable considering he missed the first five matches as his 10-game suspension for biting Branislav Ivanovic was carried over from the previous campaign. On Sunday he won the Football Supporters’ Federation player of the year, some achievement considering the abuse he has had from opposition supporters in the wake of the biting incident and prior to that a seven-match ban for racially-abusing Manchester United’s Patrice Evra as well as being accused of diving on occasions. Rodgers believes the 26-year-old has returned a better player and person. Press Associationlast_img read more